Great reasons to choose Deakin University for study in Victoria



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Thinking about studying a degree? Why not have a look at everything Deakin University has to offer. Hear from the students as they talk about the unique lifestyle and opportunities Deakin presents. From technology to breathtaking locations across Victoria in Geelong, Waurn Ponds, Warnambool and Burwood as well as off campus opportunities for remote study from anywhere in Australia or the world. So if you’re thinking about study in Melbourne or Victoria, why not find out what’s different about Deakin? pretty much everything.

hi I'm Hannah and I'm Matt we're both studying here at taking and we've been asked to tell you a little bit about the eating I remember finishing school and it was a really exciting time for me time to start thinking about life after school what's your dream job might be where you want to go what you want to be in which course you'd like to study lifestyle is almost as important a study when it comes to you and here at Deakin you can choose a campus to suit you Deacon's for campuses in Geelong Melbourne and Waterville allow you to choose between Metro regional or rural study environments that's my school that I was at in mind careers advisor actually showed us all the universities that we're open to and we did campus tours of each of the main universities in Melbourne accountant Deakin and I really enjoyed it the Melbourne campus here at board is the unis largest it has everything you want excellent learning facilities and support services a job shop cafes bars and restaurants a gym accommodation plus a great campus atmosphere Geelong is going to to deikun's campuses in Shillong campus at war bonds and the waterfront campus is right in the center of July on the beautiful curio bay and less than an hour by car or train for Melbourne the jalan campus at warren ponds is on the western edge of the city easily accessed by cars trains and buses both campuses have everything you need as well as a great lifestyle close to some of the best surf beaches in the world yeah I think the waterfront campus is fantastic it's a small and intimate that it has absolutely fantastic resources love heading down to the beach Torquay and Jen Jack is so close it's really nice to be able to just get away for a minute or an hour or two or something like that the Warrnambool campus is set on the beautiful Hopkins River it has all the facilities and services of a big city campus without the hustle and bustle one of the principal reasons I came to wonder apart from study or some it's being near the coast if you're a surf or a scuba diver or a sailor or fisherman anything like that there's boundless beaches here to go to and awesome diving I really love the small university and getting to know my professors and the accessibility I had to not only them themselves as really brilliant professors and lecturers but also the facilities that they have here at Warner bull I was able to do my own research on my own time pretty much in my own lab I also loved the students the locals everybody here it really helped support me take inaudible has got unique courses it's got a unique setting for those courses we have a one of the most beautiful campuses in Australia we have relatively small class sizes which means a personal relationship between lecturer and student all of Deacon's campuses is the latest IT some taken lecturers use logs Facebook and even Twitter there's also online study podcasts and I lectures which deliver your course straight to computer what are particularly find enjoyable fdk is it's used it's an uptake with modern technology all your lectures are available online you never find any other inability to get lectures or information in I think deacons come above the rest there's wireless connection all across the university which is really hidden because if you need to look into something to see me in a cafe or something you can log in and have a look of decent assignments with other people which is really helpful you can also study when you want you can choose to stay full-time on part time or even defer and take some time off to work and travel all of these options give you the flexibility to study when it suits you and deacons trimester system also allows you to fast-track your degree so you can start your career sooner with more than five hundred and fifty different courses on offer including single and double degrees there's bound to be a course to suit you so let's find out what's different about thinking with more than three and a half thousand full-time students the Faculty of Arts and Education at Deakin is one of the largest it offers a range of courses in the areas of Education Communication and Media International Studies Performing and creative arts and society and politics Arts and Education students have access to state-of-the-art resources including production and performance to use and the Deakin motion now a recent study by the graduate careers Council said that within four months of completing arts humanities courses more than 70% of graduates are in full-time employment and another 25% are undertaking further study education at Deakin has an outstanding reputation and covers a huge range of teaching areas including early childhood primary and secondary physical education science curry teacher education and load Deacon's Faculty of Business and law delivers some of the most significant professional business programs in Australia and overseas with close links to government major corporations and professional associations the Faculty's courses connect you to a wide range of careers I also can be mix my love of surfing with the business environment and was lucky enough to have the opportunity to complete it here at Rip Curl at the global office Deacon's Commerce degree lets you specialize in one or more major sequences in your second year there's heaps of options to choose from including economics commercial law marketing and management when I finished high school I knew I want to do business but I wasn't sure you know if I wanted to do accounting or economics or marketing and after doing a lot of different subjects I was able to decide that it was marketing that I really liked Deacon's Faculty of Science and Technology is recognized for its professional and industry relevance it trains scientists architects and engineers as well as specialists in the areas of the environment and information technology so there's actually a few sort of degrees on offer at Deakin it's sort of the broad straights of a science degree there's also the more sort of specialized degree such as biomedical science which I did and there's also other degree such as forensics engineering and so forth all of Deacon's environmental courses have an emphasis on fieldwork from day trips to summer schools at wantable you have access to rivers in the ocean and at Melbourne you're close to the ecosystems of the data docks so we get our students out a lot into those environments and again it's a hands-on kind of emphasis we like to put those students into the field Deacon's industry based learning program gives you the chance to do an internship for up to 12 months this whole program is designed so that international students as well as the students studying in IT gets an exposure to the industry the best part about this experience is that its industry funded and a person scholarship I was given one to one mentor throughout my IPL program which was for six months after doing that I applied for graduate roles and I'm hired by Kohl's Graduate IT there were like six thousand applications received by Kohl's and being a part of taking and going through IBL I'm lucky one of them to get into a graduate position winkles one out of six the Faculty of Health offers many general and specialized health related courses including food science and nutrition Sport Health Sciences occupational therapy psychology public health and health promotion and Social Work the School of Nursing at Deakin University has got a really important role to play in nursing education in the whole of Australia we're one of the larger schools of Nursing in Australia and our graduates are highly sought after by hospitals and the healthcare industry across the board The Bachelor of Health Science is a really flexible degree with only two compulsory units the rest is yours to choose there you can tell if courses can be pathways into our Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of surgery a four-year graduate entry program Deakin also offers a wide range of scholarships opportunities to study abroad and work experience placements there's also heaps of clubs and societies to join a medical and Health Service and financial assistance to help you the strong support for students including counseling study skills help and career and employment advice as doctors as as Korea's health everything you need like there's always somebody there who can support you I've been to job job shop which is the careers advisors and they're very helpful and they've got an online website with a lot of job offers on there so it's really good to check out if you're just in finding work Deakin International has a fantastic facility providing one-to-one mentor for each and every international student coming to taken it helps you to find house and accommodation near to the campus how to work on the assignments how to look for the course perspectives how to be on time completing assignments so like there are very basic health which are needed as an international student when you come because most of the students do face cultural shock from wherever de wherever they are coming from if you're wondering about a roof over your head then Takens got you covered bacon has great accommodation at Jalan honorable and Melbourne with your own rooms check out the rezzie's website living on campus really helped you make social network straightaway because everybody's in the same boat I spend most of my time here on rez and that in itself is just a very social atmosphere you've got people around from all different courses and from different places not just Australia but overseas as well thinking offers a range of scholarships to support students you can find out more about this at a whole lot of other stuff online at Deakin most courses allow you to take a gap young or even two this means you have all the time you need to travel work or simply take a break and you still keep your spot at Deakin I think yeah the staff are really really easy to talk to and actually really accommodating to like they understand what it's like and the issues we go through and are willing to give you a fair go so now I know what's on offer at deakin how do you make the choice that's right for you one really good thing to do is to talk about it with family and friends teachers course advisors talk about the courses and the jobs that you're interested in and you'll find that their advice can be really helpful when you're making your decisions and you might even consider doing some work experience in the areas that appeal to you it's a great idea to come on campus and find out about all the courses facilities and support firsthand and taken you can explore all of our campuses through open days information evenings and discover Deacon days so come and have a look around and see what makes Deacon different

5 Tips For How To Stay Organized As A Law/University Student



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In this video I’m giving you my 5 Tips For How To Stay Organized As A Law/University Student

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hey guys one of the most asked questions that I get in my comments on youtube or on my Instagram page when snapchat is how I stay organized and I thought it would be pretty helpful if I would make a video on five tips on how to stay organized as students allows students philosophy students level degree students University students whatever this is helpful for any student whatsoever so if you're excited for this video give the thumbs up and yeah let's start with the five tips on how to stay organized as a studio tip number one is to make sure you have a very clean desk area where you can work so I personally notice that if my room or my desk especially is a mess I can't concentrate as well and I don't know if I've a little bit of OCD or something but I feel like desk area clean area to work it's very stimulating for your concentration so for example if usually my my Loft is very clean is needs because as I said before I like that I can concentrate very better when everything is clean but whenever I'm in an exam period I don't have time to clean my room so that everything is a mess and recently in the recent exam periods I still took the time to clean my room because I noticed that I was feeling I don't know kind of so lazy and down just because my whole room was a mess and my desk was mess so if you also kind of notice that maybe take some time to clean everything if you're also kind of experiencing gods don't be lazy just clean your room first and then start studying tip number two is to have a good planner I honestly would never promote something if I am NOT 100% in love with it and I still to this day use this thing every day and I'm pretty proud of myself that I made this so if you follow my channel for a while you know that I always use the best planner and I use the best letter from Hema but I kind of miss certain elements in the planner itself and I also didn't like how it looks so I was like hey once if I make the perfect planner it's very beautiful for students so that's what I did and this is the supply believe the desk planner and yeah you can check it out I'll link a video all about it explaining everything about it here and down below but you can also check out the side which is supplied by live.com and it's this test letter so you can take a picture but it's like mates to play flat on your desk so this is how it looks on the inside you can use this letter also into the store 17 because it doesn't have any days so don't worry about the calendar Shane 2016 and 2017 because there are no dates in it safe and still order it I do have to say I still have only a very small limited stock that will be online very soon and buy limited stock I mean like 20 pieces and that's it after that you come to order this printer anymore and I'll go to the side a whole new world because I've got love feedback from you guys and a lot of ideas myself how I can improve this and that will be probably out around July or something for me this platter is perfect because it has an overview of all my to-do lists for school for other activities for exams and it also has the whole overview of the week so I think this is super handy and yeah I just recommend any better but I designed this and it would be perfect fit for me for my needs and I feel like my needs are similar to a lot of other students needs so that's why I like it so much so tip number three is key if you want to be an organized person knows when and where you needs to have your together and I'm talking about deadlines and exams this year especially I feel like it's so important for me to really know what my sounds are when my deadlines are may sound a little bit silly because it's like okay you have like to retreat Samsa to and every like periods every help of a semester like how can you forget about that you know so I really have that through my bachelor now that I'm doing my monster and also doing a second session or some interval degree students and the monster that I'm doing is a research master so I have a lot of essays instead of exams and I have like little deadlines like first version a second version final version you know so there's so many dates that are important for me to remember so what I like to do is make a list I can use my planner for it because here it says exams deadlines and I just write all the upcoming exams and device just so I know even if it's like two or three months later I still know okay I have my exams then I've my dad like them and because then you can plan not only weekly but also more in advance like a little bit monthly for example I traveled a lot at the last couple of months I traveled three times which is a lot for me just during school year so I really had to know okay so I have two weekends and I can't do when is my next deadline okay so I can't do anything that way so I have to postpone it to the next week or do it's a week before then that stuff so it's very nice to know all your deadlines and exams I also just like to write it on these little black notes and stick it on our printer or on I don't know my journal that kind of stuff so yeah just make sure you have all your deadlines and exams or control tip number four is a maybe a bit too much for some people but because I just wanted to give you my personal tips on how I stay organized I wanted to share this with you so I'm a very visual person as you can see I like a certain aesthetic and I like to have everything another static so yeah I'm a very visual person and I responds very well to I know nice notes colors and that kind of stuff I just remember it like better so that's why I like to color coordinate all of my subjects I have a different color for all my subjects and like in subject itself I also use different colors like for example if I have a case study I make all the case studies pink that have to do with a certain certain elements of a law so for philosophy for example I make if I have to study something for German idealism I make them one color if I have to study something for Nam analogy it makes another color so I know like okay all these philosophers belong to a certain movement and these philosophers are from the later movements so I kind of get a bigger picture so my notes are pretty colorful but I like that I usually type my notes on my computer and then I'm rewriting it so it's like neater and yeah I don't have to hurry writing my notes during the lecture I can just do it at home and then you have a little bit more time to do everything a little bit more peacefully but you also have to see it as practice because I'm also starting to starting at the same time so yeah it does take you more time now but during exam periods you already know more so that's another tip last but not least is tip number five and that is to organize your notes so for my notes organization I use these documents folders I talked about these documents folders I feel in one of my study routines and also amount back to law school tips but I still feel like not everybody knows about these documents folders maybe they do but I discovered them when I was in high school and since then I've been using them religiously every year so um I'm quickly going to explain to you how I use them I usually only have a one notebook but because I'm doing – sighs now I have two notebooks and by the way if you're wondering how I made these notebooks I have a do-it-yourself on them that I'll leave here or here down below so don't do it yourself I didn't bother well I did get I like at the bottom but not in this state anyways so um I do this because I'm that person that always forgets to bring a notebook to class or forgets to bring like the right now look so I realized for me it's just way easier to have one notebook and then write on top of every page what's course or subject this um but then if you're studying what happens is that you have all these different notes in one notebook and that's very annoying so I always take my notes out of my notebook and then I play some My Documents folder to have them all organized and neatly together it opens like this and then you have these little tabs where you can write the course name so I have only notes and all my handouts here for every subject I mean this is just way easier I also have everything organized in a chronological manner so um yeah that's just a very big tip for me because I don't have a person it always brings her wrong notebook with her so I don't like using a different notebook for every subject but she always carried with our notebooks if you have like multiple subjects during the day so I always use one notebook and then afterwards I organize everything everybody's just a little bit I don't nicer to study that way because I don't have this very bulky notebook I just have a couple or not a couple but a lot of pages but still it's a little bit more slim easier to take with you so yeah that's my loss organization so that's the ends of this five tips for staying organized as student video and I hope you enjoyed it I know it's just a little bit of a difference um university related video I'm kind of wanting to start saying University instead of law school because I'm also doing philosophy now and I feel like I write if I only say law school it's not it's a complete picture if you know what I mean but yeah I'm not sure yet used to my laughs and though even if you're not studying law I get so many questions and if I do you a video for example I could only give one or two tips because otherwise this video will delay too long and now you have five tips so yeah if you enjoyed this video and you want me to make more of these kind of tip videos let me know it comes below and also terms up this video and that I can definitely make more tips and also let me know in the comments below how you stay organized if you have a very good way to stay honest or if you have a problem like for example a certain area where you just clones get organized let me know in comments below maybe I can help maybe some of you can help would be nice to get the discussion going are with tips so um yeah I guess that's out of this video please don't forget to subscribe to this channel because I'm really trying to hit the hundred thousand subscribers this year and yeah it would definitely make my year yeah my hair my day my life if I hit one of jobs and subscribers this year so yeah I ends up anything else to say have a amazing day and I'll talk to you later bye that to a new video of mine you're probably noticing that this video looks a little bit different this setup looks a little bit different that's because I'm filming this video late at night and it's kind of going to be a very wrong video

Selecting a University in Germany||Fees/Eligibility/Job Opportunity/ Language||



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Welcome back guys! In the previous video, we already saw some of the differences between the studies in India and in Germany. If you haven’t yet seen that video, please check it out on my channel

Till the end of this video, you will already feel a bit more secure, about the decision you are going to make about your future University.

The main question that everyone asks is, what is the right university for me in Germany? How should I decide that the University I am choosing for my Masters in Germany will turn out to be the right University for me. To try and answer some of these questions, I made this video for you. Please pardon the quality of the camera! 🙂
Now, there is always a difference between the Technical Universities and the Applied Sciences Universities. In Technical Universities, you are given a deeper knowledge of your subject theoretically but in Universities of applied sciences, you are taught more practically, so that you are already ready for the industry, where you are going to work after your masters.

Important points to keep in mind while selecting a University:

1. Money or Tuition Fees
2. Language
3. Eligibility Criteria

My final advice would also be that apply to as many Universities as you can, if your grades are not that great. A grade point of 8-9 is considered very good and you will have no problems in applying to the University, but we all know the struggle of getting that kind of grades in India. It’s no joke! If you like this video, please don’t forget to share it with your friends or on your Facebook timeline and please subscribe and press the like button.

In the next video, we will talk about, how you can still get an admission at a University, even after you got a rejection letter.

If you have any comments or suggestions, please leave them in the comment section! I am always happy to hear constructive comments from you guys! If there is a theme I should cover in my next video, please share that too!
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Lecturer Riddim AKA Handle The Ride Riddim mix 1997 [Digital B] Mix by djeasy



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Bill Clinton Gives First of Lecture Series at Georgetown



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Former President Bill Clinton (SFS’68) told an audience in Georgetown’s historic Gaston Hall that being a good citizen in the 21st century “requires every thoughtful person to try to do some public good.”

(bell ringing) – [Presenter] Please welcome
to the stage John J. DeGioia, President of Georgetown University (audience clapping) and President Bill Clinton, founder of Clinton Foundation and 42nd President of the United States. (audience cheering) (DeGioia clapping) – Good morning. It's my pleasure and privilege to welcome you here today for the inaugural
lecture in a new series, The Clinton Lectures at Georgetown. This marks the beginning of a journey we will take together over
the course of the coming years to learn from one of the most accomplished global leaders of our time and someone we're proud to
call a son of Georgetown. (audience applauding) President Clinton it's an
honor to welcome you back to the Hilltop and we're deeply grateful for your sustained
commitment to Georgetown, for all you've contributed
to our community throughout the decades, and of course for the extraordinary impact that you have had throughout
our nation and our world. I wish to welcome our colleagues here from the Clinton Foundation and the Clinton Global Initiative and I wish to welcome everyone
watching on our webcast, especially our friends at
the University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service. After President Clinton
delivers his lecture, he will take questions from both our students here at Georgetown as well as students
from the Clinton school. Clara Gustafson, a senior in our School of Foreign Service and our past president of the Georgetown University
Student Association will join the President on stage to ask him your questions. This is an historic day on our campus. We celebrate the inaugural lecture in a series that we
believe will have a deep and meaningful impact, not just within our University community, but throughout the Academy and the world of policy, politics, and global affairs. We're privileged here to call one of the greatest public servants and political practitioners of our time, a member of the Georgetown family. From his days as an
International Affairs major in the School of Foreign Service, through his years as a
Rhodes scholar at Oxford and a law student at Yale, to his tenure as Governor of Arkansas, to his eight years in the White House, and his extraordinary
post-presidency and work through the Clinton Global Initiative, President Clinton has
demonstrated an unmatched political mind and ability
to bring people together to forge real tangible change and to discern with extraordinary clarity lasting solutions to
our most pressing needs. For example, during his presidency, he helped to reform the welfare system, strengthen environmental regulations, and turned a massive federal
budget deficit into a surplus. He also helped to expand
international trade, intervened to end ethnic
cleansing in Bosnia, and to promote a framework
for peace in Northern Ireland. In more recent years through the innovative model of the Clinton Global Initiative, he has brought together more
than 150 heads of state, 20 Nobel prize laureates, and hundreds of leaders
from multiple sectors to address some of our
worlds greatest challenges. To date, the Clinton Global Initiative members have made more than 2300
commitments which have improved the lives of more
than 400 million people in more than 180 countries. President Clinton represents the very best of our tradition at Georgetown, a tradition that is guided by our Catholic and Jesuit identity and that calls us to seek deeper
understanding of ourselves and our world and to use that knowledge for the betterment of humankind. One of the great forums for this work is a lecture series such as this one. In these forums, we look to eminent leaders
thinkers to distill their experiences and to
share with us their insights, lessons learned and vision for the future. President Clinton himself offered such a series of lectures
here once before in 1991, as then Governor of Arkansas and as a candidate for President, he presented three new covenant speeches to students in Gaston Hall on responsibility in rebuilding
the American community, on economic change and
on American security. He's also returned here many more times throughout his presidency
and post-presidency speaking to our community
about such topics as the responsibility of citizenship and the Clinton-Gore
economics of the 1990s. Through the series we launch today, President Clinton will
continue the conversation he's had with us throughout the decades and will also continue the tradition of so many iconic members of our community who have shared the wisdom of
their careers and their lives through defining courses and lectures. President Clinton has recalled such icons from his time as a student here: Carol Quigley and his
lectures on public authority, Father Joseph Sebes and his
classes on world cultures, and Ulrich Allers on the
history of political thought. In fact it was Carol Quigley
who coined the concept, future preference, the act of sacrificing the
present for the future. President Clinton called upon this idea in his acceptance speech for
the Democratic nomination and it's an idea that would serve as a guiding theme throughout his career. In 1993, he addressed members
of the diplomatic corps from the steps of Old North, explaining that Professor
Quigley taught him, quote, "That the future can be
better than the present "and that each of us has a personal, "moral responsibility to make it so." President Clinton has lived these words throughout his career
and he joins us today coming full circle from
his days as a student to begin a series that
continues this tradition of great lectures within our community. We're deeply honored by
his presence here today and by his continued
commitment to Georgetown, to our nation and to our global family. Ladies and gentlemen, it's my pleasure and
privilege to introduce to you President Bill Clinton. (audience applauding) It's all yours. – Thank you very much, thank you. Thank you. Thank you very much. Thank you. Thank you very much, President DeGioia. Thank you for the walk
down memory lane that you gave me. I want to thank in advance
Clara Gustafson for presenting your questions. I told her she could
ask whatever she wanted. I often say the great thing about being a former president is you can say whatever you please, (audience laughing) and sad thing is, nobody
has to care anymore. (audience laughing) I want to thank my friends who are here, my Georgetown classmates and
members of my administration, people I have known for many years, sometimes in both categories. I am delighted to be back here. The speeches I gave at Georgetown in late 1991, setting the stage for my
presidential campaign and also for actually what I would do if I got elected, were very important, not only to shape the
campaign, but for me. They forced all of us who were trying to win that election to think about where we were, where we wanted to go, how we propose to get there. I thought it might be helpful to the students here in this talk. It's mainly directly to you. I understand some of you showed up at 4:30 to make sure you got a seat and I hope you didn't also get pneumonia. But
(audience laughing) I'm honored that you took trouble to come. You can see that I have prepared this. No one has written this for me. I have thought a lot about this and what I would like to do is to talk about organizing a life for service and the public good, whether as an elected official, a career public servant, or someone in private life who wants to do public good as a private citizen. I have given a lot of thought to this and I've had a lot of time to do it. In just a few days I'll be
coming back to Georgetown for my 45th reunion. Those 45 years pass quickly. I am grateful that a whole set of chance circumstances brought me here today. I only applied to one college when I was in high school. I knew I wanted to come here (chuckles) and I wasn't
accepted until June. (audience laughing) That's not the June. That's the June before the… (audience laughing) And (chuckles) I think when I showed up… As a matter of fact, the first Jesuit I met said, "What does a Southern
Baptist from Arkansas "with no foreign language except Latin "doing in this school of foreign service?" And I said, "Father, "we'll just have to figure
it out as we go along." (audience laughing) I knew why I wanted to come here. When I was 16, and I'll
say more about this later, I literately made a decision that although there was no basis based on my family or circumstances to think I'll succeed, that I wanted to go
into politics if I could and the typical route to
that when I was a young man was to go to the state university, make all the friends you could, and then look for your chance. I thought it was more
important to be well prepared and I felt the world was getting smaller and that I needed to
understand things things that I could never learn if I never left the borders of my state. I had come to Washington in the summer of 1963. I was with the American
Legion Program Boys Nation and I wanted to come back in
the School of Foreign Service. It had the reputation of
being the best and also most cosmopolitan undergraduate program in the city, and so I just applied and I waited and waited and
(chuckles) waited, and waited, (audience laughing) and they let me in. I'm very glad they did
and I'm glad I came. After I left Georgetown, I spent five more years, sort
of preparing to live my life. I went to Oxford as President DeGioia
said and then I came back to law school at Yale and
that's where I met Hillary and then I went home and briefly taught in the Arkansas Law School and started my political career. With the interruption of
two losses and campaigns, I was involved in politics for 27 years and then after I left, I set up the Clinton Foundation and I've done that since and that was interesting to me because Hillary was the person in our
family who was always involved in foundation activities, in doing public good as a private citizen, working in the legal clinic
when we were at Yale, setting up the first
legal clinic we ever had in the Northwest part of our state when we came home to Arkansas, organizing a group called The Arkansas Advocates
for Families and Children which is still is doing well today in our state which was, when we came home, 49th in per capita income, taking the Children's Hospital to one of the 10 biggest children's hospitals in the country. She lived this stuff and she was on all kinds of other boards. When I was President, she got me to start meeting
with civil society leaders as I travel to countries around the world, not just to meet with the leaders and the leaders of the
political opposition, but the non-government
organization leaders. I did it in India, in Turkey, and various African countries
and in Latin America. This was really her life and it was one I had never imagined living. I'll never forget sometime in the first year
after I left the White House, I got up in the morning and I was shaving and I looked in the mirror and I said, "My God, I have become an NGO." (audience laughing)
(chuckles) So anyway, I say that because I've had the opportunity to
see from the grassroots up how politics works through dramatic changes in our country's life. The year I graduated
from Georgetown, 1968, was probably the most tumultuous year since the end of World War II, except for 2001 in 9/11, perhaps even more than
the tumult that occurred in the aftermath of the financial crisis. Then I've had the opportunity to start and attempt to build a non-government organization with a very specific focus who works in more than 100
countries around the world. So this whole thing is very, I mean, extremely interesting to me, and especially these last 12 years, I've really had a good time. People always ask me, "Don't you miss being President?," and I tell the truth. Once in a while, I do. Once in a while, when there's some problem that I think I
know a lot about or some dilemma that I feel particularly
well-suited to solve, I think I kinda like to do that. But I think it is foolish, and I hope all of you will remember this, it is foolish to spend
one day of your life wishing you could do anything
you can no longer do. Our days are limited. Like I said, these 45
years passed quickly. So it's always best to focus on what's at hand, and what you can do, and to imagine, and sometimes reimagine the task that you're involved with. I really had a great time doing this, but I realize I am part
of something much bigger. One of the great good news stories of the turn-of-the-century
in the early 21st century is the explosion of the
non-governmental movement. The United States has
about a million foundations of various sizes, down to community foundations up to The Gates foundation, which is not only the wealthiest,
but arguably the best. They do wonderful work. That doesn't count the 355,000 religious institutions
all across our country of all different faiths
that try to do public good as a part of their mission. Half of those foundations have
been established since 1995 and you see it in India. Half a million active NGOs based in India and there are a lot more registered that may or may not be activated, I think depending on the financial needs of
the people who registered. China has about a quarter
of a million registered and probably at least that
many more not registered for fear of political reprisals
in one kind or another. Russia used to have 150,000, but Mister Putin seems to
think they're a threat, and in some ways they are, ways that by and large are quite positive. I remember thinking about the freedom
component of the NGO movement when (chuckles) there was a
hilarious cartoon that appeared in many newspapers in America at the end of middle of my second term when I was in a long-running battle with the Republicans special
counsel, Kenneth Starr. So in this cartoon, I'm talking to the president
of China, Jiang Zemin, and I said, "You know, you ought to
allow more political liberty. "In our country these people
you keep putting in jail, "they'd be out there speaking
on the street corner." He said, "Yeah, and in out country, "Kenneth Starr would be in
jail making tennis shoes." (audience laughing)
(chuckles) That was the (chuckles) cartoon. So (chuckles) it was really funny. (audience laughing) It made me reconsider my
whole position on liberty. But anyway, no. The point I'm trying to make is this NGO movement has also
been a thorn in the side of governments and their like anybody else. They're not always right, but they basically have
pushed the envelope of liberty and political responsiveness in a way that I think is very positive. So now having had the benefit of about 40 years of experience
in politics and in NGOs, I have reached a firm conclusion that 21st century citizenship requires every thoughtful person to
try to do some public good even if they are in private life. When we all came here, almost half century ago now, the definition of good citizenship was pretty much something like this. You should stay in
school as long as you can and do as well as you
can, and when you get out, you need to go to work. If you have a student
loan, you should repay it. You should try to do a good
job at whatever your work is and if you start a family, you should try to do a good job of that because raising children is
society's most important work. You should pay your taxes
and otherwise obey the law and be informed enough to cast an intelligent vote at election time. Now even then they were
lots of people involved in public service as private citizens. There was the local United Way, that people volunteering in their schools. There was wealthy people would give money to art institutions and things like that, but nothing like today. It was viewed as a nice thing, but not the imperative of every citizen. Today with the explosion of Internet giving, of cell phone giving through text, the tsunami was the first great international disaster where the United States
gave a billion dollars and the median contribution was $56 cause half the people
gave over the Internet. In Haiti after the earthquake, the American people gave $1 billion. The median contribution was $26 because so many people texted Haiti and then a number for the Red Cross, or the Clinton-Bush Haiti fund, or any number of other things. The empowerment of
technology has also imposed more possibilities and
more responsibilities. So I have reached the conclusion that whatever your politics and
whatever you do with your life, 21st-century citizenship
requires us to add to that litany that I brought with
me in my head to Georgetown, some way of doing public
good as a private citizen, around the corner or around the world, in office or out. And so what I wanted to do with
this series of talks of which I think there will be four is to talk about how to compose and live a life where service is important. I think that it is so important because the world is so interdependent. It is so full of opportunities. Did you see the other day that two more planets sighted a constellation far
outside our solar system, appear to be far enough
away from their sun, dense enough to support life? I'd love to be your age just to figure out if I could live long enough to find out If we are in the universe alone. I almost give up being president to take my chances on one
again just to find out. (audience laughing) We have constant new discoveries in particle physics thanks to the superconducting supercollider
in CERN in Switzerland, which should've been in Texas but I lost it as part of
the economic agreement that brought the economy back in 1993. The human genome discoveries and applications
are already stunning. I was at St. Jude's Hospital in Memphis, the biggest Children's
Cancer Center in the country where they open source all their developments as
soon as they have been. They send them to every
cancer hospital in the world on every continent and they had just discovered because of their ability to do genomic testing the answer to a terrible riddle. There was a relatively rare but extremely dangerous form of childhood brain cancer for which there was a drug
already approved by the FDA which was 100% effective, 100% cure rate, except when it wasn't and it seemed to be causing the
death of all the other kids, about 25% of the people
who had this condition and because they were able
to do genomic testing, they found that in the cluster of kids that were not responding
positively to the medicine, there was a different set of genomes. And then, almost as an act of God, they just decided to
give the minority group that were all perishing, kids that came in that had that profile, half a dose of the approved medicine. They all got well. Then they said, "Well, maybe we were
giving everybody too much," so then they gave the half the
dose to the majority group, and it didn't help any of them. They had to have the whole dose. The point is this
apparently simple solution was made possible by the exploration of the billions of
genomes in the human body. I spent $5 billion of your money (audience laughing)
to sequence the human genome. It now cost them $5000 a
person to do the tests. It will soon be down to 3500 and the hospital told
me they expect it to be at a thousand less than five years. So it's an exciting time to be alive. But we all know the world
is full of many challenges. There is too much
inequality and instability. It's a terrible constraint
on growth, and opportunity, and investment and there aren't enough
jobs being created, not even for college
graduates across the world. One of the reasons for the demonstrations of young people in Tahrir Square is that the Egyptian higher
education system is producing 400,000 college graduates a year and nowhere near 400,000
jobs for college graduates. Mexico, under the recently
departed President Calderon, set up 140 tuition-free public universities, which last year produced, in a country whose population is about a little more than 30% of ours, 113,000 engineers. Stunning achievement, but will there be enough jobs for them and will there be enough investment so that the poor will also
find their path out of poverty? We have to do something about this. There's too much inequality
and too much instability. Look at what happened
with the financial crisis. You want some instability. You want the possibility of failure. Otherwise, the successes in the free market won't be rewarded properly and invested in. But if there's too much instability
and too much inequality, the whole thing shuts down. The world we're living in
is clearly unsustainable. We have serious Atlantic warming. Serious melting this year. There was a 90% of the area of Greenland, which has 8% of the world's freshwater, 90% of it melted last
summer, had some melt. Typically for more than 100 years since we've been measuring, the maximum is 50%. The oceans are becoming
more acidic because they're trying to absorb more carbon to help us stay in balance and it's interrupting a
lot of the fishing stocks of the world, and fish provide protein, the main source of protein for
more than a billion people. So for the last two or three years, it's the first time in history that more fish had been grown
on fish farming operations than caught naturally in
the oceans, the lakes, the streams, the rivers of the world. There is as yet no
international conference saying what they can and cannot be fed, as a result of which we're going to have bad consequences, the details of which we don't yet know. So the way we produce and consume energy
and other local resources have put us on an unsustainable
path to the future. I don't know how many of you
saw the New York Times article the last two weeks about how many Chinese parents
are desperate to find a way to leave China because their children are all getting
asthma and they're sick, and how many who have the money to do so, put their children in schools where the athletic fields
are covered with tents, these great balloon-like tents with serious air filters in them so the children can get what
passes for outdoor exercise. I could give you lots of other examples. But the point is the world is a washed in too much inequality, and instability and unsustainability. And finally, in this modern world where we can look at planets 120 million
light years away and think that might be my great
great grandchild's home, where we can imagine further
advances in the human genome and nanotechnology that I also spent a lot of your money on, (audience laughing)
allowing all of us to have four physicals a year by just stepping into canisters that will
measure us up and down and find all the malignancies before they can possibly be
big enough to kill us. I'll make you a prediction. Within 15 years, one of the great debates in medical practice will be when to zap out tumors because all of us have cancerous cells in our bodies all the time and our bodies just
dispose of most of them. So it's an amazing time. But what is really tearing the world up are the oldest divisions, the religious divisions, the political division. Yesterday we read that there might be a new civil war in Iraq because finally the Sunnis, having rejected the extremism
of Al Qaeda in Iraq, are now organizing around the old Baathist ideology and people who are there and they don't think the Shia majority have been fair to them. We just read today, this morning when I got up the story the Nigerian military virtually wiping out a village in northern Nigeria in their ongoing war against Boko Haram, the militant Muslim organization which feels that it's people
have not been fairly treated in the Confederation, which is Nigeria, and on, and on, and on. You know all this. But it is very interesting that in spite of all this globalization, in spite of our being thrown together, in spite of the opportunities that I see, in spite of the diversity
I see in this crowd, we still see the world put at risk when things don't work out so well in America for two young brothers from Chechnya who were given a chance to
get an education and come here and apparently it didn't work out so well, and so you had the
Boston Marathon incident. A young man who tried to blow up the car bomb in Times Square
a couple of years ago, he and his wife both
got university degrees in this country and were made to feel welcomed in it. For a while, they had a good job, and a home, and a mortgage like all of
us do when we start out. And then it didn't work out and he decided an appropriate response was to go back to Pakistan and
learn how to make a bomb and take it to Times Square. One of the things we learned
in the genome is that, the study, is that all people are 99.5% the same. Even the gender differences are rooted in just 0.5% of our genome. We got people in this room
today from all over the world and if you just look around, every difference you can
see between somebody else and yourself is rooted in 1/2
of 1% of your genomic makeup, and yet, every one of us, even those of us who
are fairly apolitical, spend 99.5% of our time worrying about that 1/2 of a percent
of us that's different. Now we can all laugh about it. I wish you were taller,
or thinner, or faster. If I'd had a four foot vertical jump, I might have had a different life. (audience laughing) But the differences do matter. That tiny bit of difference
gave Albert Einstein a brain bigger than most people imagine could be carried safely
inside a human skull and he put it to pretty good use. I could give you lots of other examples. I can say that I was 99.5% the same as Mohandas Gandhi, but he had a pretty remarkable life with whatever was in that little
0.5% that was different. On the other hand, most of the truly (chuckles)
great people who had ever lived taught us how to connect
the little bit of us that is different with the big part of us we have in common. So you are going to live in a world where you have to figure out how to reconcile all these challenges with all the opportunities and I believe you will
have no choice but to do public service, whether you're in private life or not. A thing that it will make a big difference for two reasons. One. There's always a gap between what the private sector can produce and the government can provide that you need non-governmental
groups to try to fill. Two. In the poorest countries systems have to be built
and the richest countries' systems have ossified
and had to be reformed and very often, it can't be
done entirely from within. So the new 21st-century mission for non-governmental organizations, the whole reason for
being of our foundation is to figure out how to work
with government and with the private sector to do
things faster, cheaper, better, to break through the limits that the current arrangements impose on people all over the world. But to do any of that as well as possible, it is necessary to think about what you're
doing and have some idea. It seems to me that if you
want to take service seriously, whether you want to be a
political candidate or just a person who does right, there are four requirements. You should be obsessively
interested in people, especially people who
are different from you. You should wanna understand them. You should wanna understand
how they perceive the world and how they perceive what they need and what their dreams are. Two. You should care about principles about the end of all this. What is the purpose of service? What's the role of government? What's the role of NGOs? How do you organize this in your mind? Why are you doing this? Three. What are the policies that you believe will
advance those purposes? And four. Whether you're running
for anything or not, what are the politics of the situation? How are you gonna turn
your good intentions into real changes? So I want to talk about people, purpose, policies and politics. But to me, the most
important thing is the first. Most people get in real
trouble and abuse power when they forget that the
purpose of their power is not to impose their will on others, but to let other people be empowered to live their own lives
better or as I always say, to have better stories. So I wanna start with that. People ask me all the time, "How in the world "did you ever get elected President? (chuckles) That's a mystery to me too. (audience laughing) Only two governors of small
states have ever been elected and as I say when I was born in Arkansas at the end of World War II, I think our per capita income was 56% of the national average. Only Mississippi was poor. No one in my direct family
had ever been to college. My father was killed in a
car wreck before I was born. My mother went back to nursing school. My grandparents raised me till I was four with a lot of help from my
great uncle and his wife. People talk about that
like it was a disadvantage. It was actually probably the
key to all my later success. You can't imagine life without
a cell phone and a computer. I was born to a (chuckles) dual
family without a television, without even a private telephone line. We were on what we call party lines. You heard about all the snoops today? Your neighbors could just
pick up the phone and listen to who you were chewing out (audience laughing) and you had to wait till your
neighbor got off the phone. So it was by conventional standards poor, and it was deeply segregated. But in both the black
and white communities, families were more coherent
up and down the economic spectrum than they are today. There were more two-parent households. There was less divorce. There was more character building, if you will, at home. I have employed at one time or another four members of the Kearney family, an African-American
family from a tiny town of a thousand in Southeast Arkansas. There were 19 of them: 17 kids, a mom and dad. The dad was a sharecropper. The mother was a domestic. 13 of the 17 kids got college degrees. The other four did real well. One of them joked that
he made more than almost all of his college graduate siblings. All of them had a first
name that started with a J. When I made the chairman
of the public service commission in Arkansas, he graduated from Harvard
in Harvard Law school. One was my diarist in the White House. One worked for me in the
Attorney's General's office and another one I gave
a big appointment to. I always said as long as I got the Kearney family to vote for me, I couldn't lose any election. (audience laughing) They had a family reunion that included a stop in the
White House when I was there and 15 of these 17 kids were still alive and so was the dad at 102. I say that because I could give you lots
of other examples that people are not defined just
by their per capita income and there are incredibly powerful, dignified people who manage to compose
a life out of their poverty and from them we can learn how to help them and their
children get out of poverty, and this is true all over the world. My great grandfather whom I used to love and go and stay with, the longest living man
in my (chuckles) family who lived to be 76, everybody since then, nobody's made it as long as I have. So I like to emulate my great-grandfather, but it seems impossible. He was never out of
overalls and hobnailed boots and he lived in an old
house out in the woods in the country that was a wooden house, unpainted, built up off the ground. You had to have a storm cellar in Arkansas because it was the turning
the capital of America then. It was a hole in the ground with a cot and an oil lantern. I used to go down there very often accompanied by snakes that
would slither in and out. He was a very, very good man, as was my great-grandmother, a good woman. I learned a lot from them, things that are still
valuable to me today. But most of the lessons
I got from childhood, I got from my grandfather
and my great uncle. My grandfather in the Great Depression, to give you an idea of how
different then and now was, even though a lot of
you may be worried about student loan debt, and
finding jobs, and all this. In the Great Depression, 25% of Americans were out of work and my grandfather worked on an ice truck. Back then refrigerators
were called ice boxes and they actually took ice blocks and put them in part of the refrigerator and kept the rest of the food cold. So my grandfather who
weighed about 150 pounds carried 200 pound blocks
of ice on his back with thongs that he hooked under the
ice and put it on his back. So fast forward. This is why stories are important. 1976, I was running for
attorney general of Arkansas. I went back to this little
town where I was born and I went to see this guy who's a judge and he was an elected judge so he could be active in politics. He said, "I have to be for you, "whether I wanted to or not. I said, "Why? He said, "Because in the
Depression when I was 10 years old, "your grandfather, who
had no money himself, "still hired boys like me
to ride on that ice truck, "one a day with him, and
he'd pay us a quarter," and we thought a quarter was
all the money in the world. He said, "As a matter of fact, "the first time I got paid "when your granddad gave me a quarter, "I asked him if I could
instead have two dimes "and a nickel so I would
feel richer walking home." (audience laughing) And he said, "Walking
home I started shaking "the coins in my pocket and
one of the dimes fell out "into the grass by the sidewalk." And he said, "I looked for that thing for an hour "and a half until I had to go home. "It got dark, I never found it." And he said, "I never go by that spot
that I still don't stop "to look for that dime." (audience laughing) I say that because we
take certain things for granted and I see that because it's very important for you,
if you want to do this work, to realize something I learned from my grandfather and from my uncle which is that everybody has
some kind of story like that. My uncle had a sixth grade
education and 180 IQ, at least. He was the smartest man in my family and was a fireman and a farmer. I used to go out even after
everybody moved to towns in Arkansas after the Depression. People remember the Depression and so if they could afford it, keep an acre of land out in the country and grow as much of their
own food as they could and I used to go out there when I
was a kid and farm with them. Then we'd have these meals and he was one of the funniest
people I've ever seen, and his kids were funny. I would sit there with them
and laugh until I cried, just listen to him talk about ordinary people in our town: the guy that ran the grocery
store, the bookstore, somebody that worked at the Factory that my aunt worked at. Why am I telling you this? Because people ask me all the time, "Where did you learn
to speak?, and I said, "I learned to speak by
learning to listen." In our family, nobody
could afford a vacation. There was one movie theater in our town. It didn't change movies very often. My family had hunting, fishing, and dinner meals and the meals were a feast because people just told stories. When you were a kid like me, you couldn't tell a story unless you proved you could listen to one. So somebody tell a story and then my uncle or my aunt would look to me. "Do you understand that? I said, "I think so. "What did you just hear?" Once you did that two or three times, then if you had something
to tell, you could tell it. But what I learned in
this whole thing is that everybody has a story and everybody's life has things about it that
are inherently interesting and valuable to the rest of us, even though most people can't get it out because they're too self-conscious, or shy or whatever. But the point is, in the beginning I learned
that you can't really speak unless you can first listen, not in a way that people can hear. I see it today when I see a lot of these verbal spats going
on here in Washington. Whenever you see fit,
wherever it's coming from, ask yourself, "Did this
person say that thing "to genuinely be heard "by people who disagree with him or her? Or, "Did this person say
that thing in that way "because they wanted to be on television "or because they wanted to
reassure their own crowd "that they were carrying
the spear forward?" In a free society, if you want democracy to work people have to be able to hear each other and whether someone can
hear you depends in part on what you say, but maybe even more on how you say it and whether you have
first listened to them. So I learned all these stories. When my great uncle was nearly 90, he could still remember
the names of hunting dogs (chuckles) he had had in the 1930s: who sold him the dogs, the way he bargained for them, how they ran in the springtime when the
cold and the frost lifted. And to me, I could've been listening
to Pavarotti sing because of the way he told the story and he made his life have
meaning and interest. So this per capita income was low and I'm not trying to romanticize poverty. I would like everybody who gets rid of it. That's not what I'm trying to do. I'm trying to get you
not to belittle people who know less than you
do, have less than you do, or less credential than you are. There is a reason why
the Jesuits have spent centuries now serving the poor. There's a reason why all the Scriptures of all the different faiths acknowledge that what we have in common
in our soul is important and it helps me today when we try to help farmers
in Rwanda and Malawi, to have heard the stories of people who seem to be poor, but in fact were rich when I was young. Don't ever romanticize poverty. It is way overrated. But don't denigrate the
people who live in it because there is a mountain
of evidence that there is a lot of dignity there, and I saw those stories when I was young. When I was a little
older I moved to a town that was the polar opposite
to the one I was born in. Hot Springs was a National Park, the first land set aside under Andrew Jackson as a national reserve, before there were any national parks. Thomas Jefferson sent
a friend of his there to look at these hot sulfur springs to see
what their properties were because they had people bathing in them since the 16th century when
Hernando de Soto came there and thought he had discovered
the fountain of youth. When World War II ended and Eastern Europe was being taken over, a large number of people left and found their way to my little hometown. So there was in the middle of Arkansas where the doctor
running a restaurant who was from Czechoslovakia, with vibrant Greek Orthodox
community with two synagogues, with the Muslims coming from Syria and elsewhere all
in my little hometown. So I saw a little microcosm of the world even though I was living
in the segregated South with all of its problems. I was at that time still
trying to figure out what was going on and I was without a television since I was 10, but I still learned more from the stories of the kids I went to school with, the people I saw on the
street and my teachers. And I would just like to just give you a flavor (chuckles) of what it was like. I had a science teacher and
I've told this story many times, but it's the most important
thing I can tell you. I had a science teacher
in the eighth grade who was a retired coach and to put it charitably, he was not a handsome man. (audience laughing) He was overweight, and his
clothes were too tight, and he had coke-bottled thick glasses, and he smoked cheap cigars
out of a plastic cigar holder which squinched his mouth up. He had a beautiful wife who was a history teacher and she had a beautiful sister who was my geometry teacher. So the family was there and
they were terrific people. But the old science
teacher (chuckles) said near the end of our course when I was 13. This was 53 years ago. I remember this like it was yesterday. He said, "Kids, "you're not gonna remember
anything I taught you in science. "So if you don't remember anything else, "you just remember this. "Every morning I get up
and I go into the bathroom, "put shaving cream on my face, "shave, wash the shaving cream off, "I look into the mirror and I say, "'Vernon, you're beautiful.' (audience laughing) He said, "You gotta remember that. "Everybody wants to
believe they're beautiful," everybody, and he said, "If you remember that, "it'll keep you out of trouble "and bring a lot of
possibilities to your life." 53 years later, that is what I remember
about my science class. (audience laughing) In my hometown all those years ago, 50 years ago, I met the first person I knew was gay. He was a teacher. It was unthinkable 50 years
ago that he would come out, but all of his students
knew and we loved him and there was a sort
of practiced hypocrisy, at least in my hometown, about it that as long as you didn't say, you would be accepted. It was an interesting thing and it started half a
century of thinking about identity in a way I had never
thought about it before. When I came to Georgetown, I was most influenced by the fact that for the first time in my life I was around students from everywhere, including places in America I've
never been like New York. My roommate at Georgetown, I thought, "Oh I'm going to liberal Georgetown "and I'm going to escape
Arkansas which was (mumbles)." I was afraid vote for Barry
Goldwater over Linda Johnson. I get to my room in
Loyola Hall, 225 Loyola, and there's a Goldwater for
President bumper sticker (audience laughing)
on my door. Everybody thought I would
be a southern redneck. I was for Johnson. I thought, "Oh my god, I came
all the way up here for this?" (audience laughing) My roommate was an Irish
Catholic guy from Long Island whose father was a member
of the conservative party and elected judge. He actually thought Goldwater
was a little too liberal. (audience laughing) Fast-forward, I lived with
that guy for four years. I still talk to him all the time. I'll see him at the reunion. He's as good a person as
I ever met in my life. One day his politics came to
conform with his private life. Through a set of family misfortunes, his wife's sister had a
child with cerebral palsy and she couldn't raise. My friend and his wife took her in and raised her as their own. She's built a successful
and pretty independent life. When he was a pilot living
in Orange County, California, their idea of a vacation
was to go to Mexico and help poor people build their houses. He called me one day when
I was having my fight with the pre-tea party tea party (audience laughing) one night in '95 and I was trying to decide to veto their budget and everybody's said, "Oh, if you
do this, they'll kill you. "They just won at Congress. "You'll be a one term-er." One night this man, a book I might've judged by its cover, called me and he said,
"Let me get this straight. He said, "I'm an airline
pilot with a good living. "The budget the Congress proposes "wants to give me a tax cut "in return for which
they would cut spending "on programs that help
disabled kids like my daughter? I said, "Yeah, that's it. He said, "For example, he said, "my daughter's best friend "who also has cerebral palsy,
they go to school together, "her mother is a minimum-wage worker "who travelers one hour a day to work "and one hour a day home "on public transportation. "Now as I understand this, Bill, "it's gonna cut the
transportation subsidies "so her bus ride will be more expensive. "It's gonna cut subsidies for "her child's wheelchair and shoes," and by the way, then, at least, children with cerebral palsy regularly had to get about six pairs of quite
expensive shoes every year. "They're gonna take all that
away to give me a tax cut? I said, "That's right. "That's what's gonna happen. He said, "Bill, that's immoral. "You can't let it happen. "You gotta veto that budget." My friend's Catholic values overcame his political upbringing. His story overwhelmed the circumstances under which he lived. I did and when I got elected President, I may have been the only
Democrat he ever voted for, but
(audience laughing) it was no longer the case. He saw a live child he had taken to raise who had a friend who is
just like his daughter, except she had no money, and he knew what would really happen. So it wasn't a theoretical discussion. The story pierced his
heart and changed his mind. I could give you lots of other stories. Father Hanser just
celebrated his 75th birthday. He actually took me to Howard
Johnson's for a hamburger when I was a freshman
and asked me if I ever thought about becoming a Jesuit. (audience laughing) I asked him if I had to
become a Catholic first. (audience laughing) (audience clapping) He said, "What do you mean? I said, "I'm a Southern Baptist. "I'm not eligible. (audience laughing) He said, "I've read your test papers. "It's not possible. "You think like a Catholic." (audience laughing) So we agreed it was only
because of his overpowering skills as a professor that
he had reworked my mind, but nonetheless I was who I was and I didn't become a priest and I think life worked out
pretty well for both of us. (audience laughing) But I love the Jesuits for reasons that I don't know would even be popular today. There were two Hungarian professors who'd gone to the fourth grade together in a little town in Hungary. One taught International Economics. One Father Sebes later became the Dean of the School of Foreign Service and he taught world religion. It's a class of 200 students. All non-Catholics took it. It was affectionately called
Buddhism for Baptists. (audience laughing) At the end (chuckles) of the course, Father Sebes gave an oral
exam in 12 languages. He said, "If you don't feel comfortable "writing this exam, "I'll give you "an oral," and he started reeling off the languages he would given oral in. I thought, "You know, "I would like to be
educated in a tradition that "used that much of my brain." Father Zurini taught Economics. He taught five classes
of sophomore economics with 40 people is how I remember and you had to sit in an assigned seat. Attendance was mandatory
until Thanksgiving, after which you never had to come back, and if you did, you could
sit wherever you want. I am not making this story up. (audience laughing)
Five (mumbles). So flash forward, we're at the
end of the second semester, and I am walking down the hall with one of my classmates named Neil Grimaldi who later hated overseas people for my campaign. So Grimaldi had… Zurini, he said, "Can I come see you? "I'm worried about the exam. And Zurini looked at him and said, "Well, what do you expect? "You've missed three classes." He had, from the beginning of
school through Thanksgiving, memorized every student and developed a system which
would enable him to tell him which of the 200 were there and where they had been. I couldn't believe it. For a long time I thought it
was some sort of magic trick. (audience laughing) So 10 years later when I was Governor, I came back to see Father Zurini and I was in his office. I just ran into him, so he said, "Come up and have a talk," so I'm in his office. This woman called him who
was a year older than me and asked him for a job reference. He said, "What's the job?, and he told her, he said,
"Yes, send me the information. "I'll write you a job reference. He hangs that phone and he
said, "Do you remember her? I said, "Yes. "I didn't know her well, but I do. He said, "You know, "she made a B the first semester "and a B plus the second
sentence semester." No computers. So he's got this card
catalog stack with him, this card deck, and he goes down to her class and pulls out her card and shows it to me and she made a B and B plus. I wanted to be able to
think 1/10th that well. There was a big movement at the end of my time at Georgetown to
liberalize the curriculum, which I think has been done (chuckles). You need to know, all my
classmates and I were here, we did not have a single elective until the second semester
of our junior year, no electives. And because of the influence
of these professors, I was opposed to changing it, which made me about as popular as you name it (audience laughing)
with my fellow classmates. Well, I became a lifetime
friend of Father Sebes. After he left Georgetown, he went to the Vatican
and lived in a little room and did his own research. When he died, I got a lovely letter from a young priest who found him who said he kept a roll of letters from his former students and mine, the letters I wrote to him when I was Governor were in there
and he sent them to me, copies of them, and he sent me an account of his last days and the last picture taken
of him in the Vatican. I still have it in my files. Why am I telling you this? Because when these boys, Sebes and Zurini, grew up and went into the order, their lives took different turns. Sebes went to Asia because he spoke all these Asian languages and the Communist Chinese didn't like it that he was doing his missionary work. They put him in a four by four foot hole and he lost a lot of his stomach. So when he came out, needless to say he was
pretty anti-Communist. So he thought the Vietnam
War was a great deal and he knew I thought it
was a terrible mistake. He looked to me one day and he said, because of all these
fights on campus, he said, "We have these terrible disagreements, "but we will be friends. (audience laughing)
I said, "Why? He said, "Because we have
all the same enemies." (chuckles)
(audience laughing) How weird is that? (audience laughing) Why am I telling you this? Why am I telling you this? Because as you wander through life,
if you just pay attention, you'll be amazed how many
encounters like that you can have and it will serve you well. The thing that bothers me
about modern politics is that we'd made all this progress, less racist, and sexist, and
homophobic than we used to be. We just have one remaining
bigotry in America. We just don't want to be around anybody who disagrees with us. You're laughing, but it's true. I mean the people are organizing massive living patterns in this country around being with somebody
that agrees with them. You don't believe me, read
the Big Sort by Bill Bishop. First, in 1976, when President Carter and President Ford had a very close election, only 20% of America's counties voted for either one of them by more than 20 points, so 1976. 28 years later in 2004 when now Secretary of State
John Cary and President Bush had a close election and Bush's reelection was the
narrowest marginal victory for a reelected president since
Woodrow Wilson since 1916. Nonetheless, 48% of America's counties voted for one or the other of them by more than 20%. So Americans are not
hearing enough stories from other people and it's a big mistake. If we had all the time in the
world I could keep you here till tomorrow morning
telling you these stories. When I was in Oxford, I took myself all the way to Russia even though I didn't speak Russian, couldn't even reads Cyrillic script and because I had a friend there, I wound up at Lumumba University, which the Russians and Soviets
had built for Third World. That's what the called them then students. I was with Nigerian students
in the first week of 1970 when their bloody Civil War which killed millions of people ended. The major contesting tribes
were the Igbos and the Yorubas and there were students
there from both tribes whose families were fighting
each other back home. There had been no war
when they came there. Over the radio they announced
the war ended and I saw people crying at each others arms whose families were back
home killing each other. It struck me that most of the
things we kill each other over are not worth it and whenever I ask myself, "Is this worth it?," I think about those young people who were basically like put in a test tube and pushed
away from their country because they could still
see and hear each other. So as we go along, and we
talk about the politics of it, I'll tell you some more about what happened and what I
learned through stories. But I hope you will remember this: the purpose of service is to help other people, not to make you feel good about
yourself, although you will, not to impose everything
you think should be done on other people, but to create a world where we can all live together because
it's so interdependent. If we don't, the consequences to us, to our families, to our future will be adverse and severe. Everyplace in the world people are trying to cooperate, they're doing pretty well. Everyplace in the world, people elevate our differences over our common humanity, everyplace in the world
where we can no longer hear what people who are
different from us are saying, where our ears are closed
and our minds more closed, there is trouble. So do I think it matters what the purpose is there
are to your politics, and what policies you adopt, and how you conduct politics in or out of the political arena? Oh, I think all that matters. But you have a much better chance of living both a successful
and a rewarding life of service if you begin by finding something to learn from
everybody you run into if you begin by believing
there is a certain inherent dignity to people who will never be on television, never be in a newspaper article, or just the statistic to most people who talk about politics, so I will close with one last story. When I was working on that tsunami with first President Bush, I got very attached to China, Indonesia, and to the Maldives and to Sri Lanka and the UN asked me to
stay on for two more years, and so I did. One of the ways that I
(chuckles) disappointed people is that I couldn't immediately
solve the housing problem, just like it's a problem for Haiti, just like there's some
people in the Katrina area who don't have homes back again. It is always the hardest
thing in any natural disaster. So we were gonna miss a deadline on the Aceh in Indonesia and
the housing, and I said, "I got to go there and
tell them face-to-face." I want them to know we
haven't forgotten about them and when we're gonna do this, so we went to the biggest camp. They were probably, I don't know, by then still 10, 12,
15,000 people in this camp. Every one of these camps
had an elected president, so I arrived at the camp. The president is there,
his wife was there, just a simple man who was trusted by other people to
be the president of the camp. His son was there. The boy I still believe is the single most beautiful child I have
ever seen in my life, this Indonesian boy. He was breathtaking. He was just luminous and so I asked my interpreter who had been a very interesting young Indonesian woman who gave up her job on television, a promising career on television, just to be an interpreter to help until her country was put back together. We were walking down the way after I meet the president,
and his, wife and son, and I said, "I believe that's the best looking boy "I've ever seen in my life. "He's just gorgeous. She said, "Yes, he's very beautiful." Before the tsunami, he had nine brothers and sisters and they're all gone. Now here is what I observed. I never said a word to them about it. But pretty soon the boy and his mother left and this man who had lost
nine of his 10 children, a man with no formal education, a man who'd never been more than a few miles away from
his home his entire life, led me through his camp and every place, all he ever talked about was what the people there needed. He knew them. He knew their stories and he eased his own pain by advancing their lives. It was one of the most
astonishing examples of service I have ever seen. And then we get to the end of this tour and because they knew about my foundation's work and healthcare, they saved the clinic till last. So we got to the clinic, we're
talking about health care, and all of a sudden the
president of the camp's wife shows up again with her son, but she's holding a baby. The lady starts talking
and the interpreter says, "What she's telling you is "that they're very grateful
that you've come to the camp "and listened to their concerns," this is the news, this is the most recently
born baby in this camp, "and we want you to name the baby "because we appreciate your coming." She went on to say that in their culture
when a woman had a baby, she got to go to bed for
40 days without getting up. I thought, "Boy, if that
gets out in America, "we're all toast." (audience laughing) But anyway, (chuckles) she… So that's why the mother didn't come herself. She was in her period of reclining. So I looked at the mother and I said, "Do you have a word in your
language for new beginning?," and I was afraid it might
cause her to cry because she'd lost nine of her children. So the young woman interpreted
for me and she said this, and she got this huge smile
on her face, and she said, "Oh, yes. "It's lucky for you that in
our language, unlike English, "the word dawn, D-A-W-N,
the word for dawn, "is a boys name, not a girls name. "We will need this way,
Dawn, the woman said, "and he will be the symbol "of our new beginning." Have you ever met anybody in
any position of importance with any level of wealth who could've dealt with the
loss of nine of her 10 children with more dignity and honor and other oriented-ness? The stories, if you want to serve, you have to begin with the stories. Thank you very much. (audience laughing) – Well thank you President Clinton for your stories this morning, encouraging us to listen by
sharing some of those moving stories was particularly compelling to me. We have a few questions from
the audience here at Georgetown and also back in Little
Rock at your school, so we'll start with a
question from a student here at Georgetown, jip-sul kuh-bran. Sorry if I mispronounce any of your names. If you're a professor at Georgetown, what class would you teach and why? – Oh I would like to teach a class in International Economics and Politics because I believe that it's very important that every person in your
generation have a worldview. Whether you are a
conservative, or a liberal, or Republican, or
Democrat, or Independent, or you come from another country and you are in a different political tradition, we need a common understanding of what is the nature of the modern world. What are its biggest opportunities? What are its biggest challenges? What evidence do we have about how best we can deal with them? So that's what I would teach now. Although when I was in Georgetown, I think my favorite course was a course in Great Ideas of the Western World, which was taught by a
Palestinian professor. It was a two-hour seminar. We met once a week and there were 14 students,
14 weeks, 14 books. Every student got a book and every seminar started off with a 10- minute presentation by the student. If you talk more than 10 minutes, he will cut you off and say, "You obviously didn't understand the book "or you could've explained
it in 10 minutes." Though I love that, but
if I were Professor now, that's what I would teach. – All right, and the second question is from Little Rock, from your school, from Andre Bro. I'm a first-year student at your school. This summer, I'll be doing
my service project in Haiti. I have a two-part question. First, recognizing your support of building Haiti's textile economy, how would you defend against
criticism that this approach benefits American interests
more than Haitian interests? And second, will you come visit me? (audience laughing) – Well, the answer to the second
question is I go once a month, so I'll doubtless be there when the student is there, and I'd be happy to see her or him. You didn't say what was the name. On the textile front, I disagree with that. For decades, Haiti had all these textile jobs. They were just cut-and-sew jobs because labor was cheap. This is going to be different. This Korean company, SAE-A, which is a huge complex, is moving the first textile
mill the country has ever had whether this company stays or goes. Now they will have the capacity to produce their own clothing. They never have had it in
the history of the country. They're doing it because Haiti has duty-free access to the United States and because they believe
we have a chance to do it. You can't turn down the
potential of 20,000 jobs if you can get it and you think they're
gonna make a living wage in an environmentally safe way. So I don't think that this aids the American economy anymore than any other
clothing imports do. It's a big difference for
Haiti because now they'll have the potential to develop
their own indigenous clothing operation because this will be
their first textile mill. – The third question comes
from a Georgetown student, Amy Tenant. Which public policy
instituted during your tenure are you most proud of? – That's hard to answer. I love AmeriCorps, the National Service program and I think it should be bigger and I think more people
should have a chance to do it. But I think that before the recession, welfare reform did way
more good than harm, even though there was some
things in it that the Republican Congress insisted on I
thought were not good. Though the problem with the welfare reform law was we capped payments to states, so what they were getting
in February of '94 when the welfare rolls
were an all-time high. When they dropped 60%
when I was President, the states had a lot of money which they were supposed to put into education, and
training, and other things. What happened is after I left office, a lot of them were permitted
to stop spending that money on poor people which I think
was a terrible mistake, but I'm still very proud that we did it. But I'm most proud I think of the economic policy that we began
with the passage by one vote in both Houses of my economic plan of '93 because that drove down interest rates, drove up investment, accelerated new jobs
particularly in technology, and most important of all to me, we had like 30% more jobs in my years, 40% more than in President Reagan's term, but we had 100 times as many people move from
poverty to the middle class. It's the only period of
shared prosperity we've had in the last 35 years and I was very proud of that
and it still means a lot to me because I still have people
come up to me and tell me that they worked their way from
welfare into a good solid job and they raised their children to have a better life, and that's still the most
important thing to me. It's gone surprisingly little notice and surprisingly
little academic analysis how come the economic path we chose and the economic path
chosen by my predecessors. Both Bush administration, they had recession, so poverty increased, so I don't count that. It's just Reagan's years plus mine, we had 100 times as many
people move from poverty into the middle class. That's what I'm really proud of. We gave people a chance
to make their own stories. – So you were to become an International Economics
Professor at Georgetown, would that be your path of research? – If I was what? – If you were to become
the International Economics Professor at Georgetown, would that be your path of research contribution to academia? – No. (audience laughing) No because I know the story and because it wouldn't be as trusted. I'd rather have somebody
else do it and figure out why then have somebody else do
it, and disagree with them, and "You now do it." I shouldn't be. It would be too self-serving
for me to do it. Now if I were here in my research, I would be focused on what we could do to increase the level of employee growth
around the world because one of the real problems
of having IT driven growth, and believe me I think
it's been a godsend. When we rebuilt the fishing industry in
Indonesia and Sri Lanka and we put all these men and
women back in fishing boats, we gave them cell phones
for the first time and their incomes averaged at 30% increase cause they could find
out what the real price of fish was everyday and no
one could lie to them anymore. We started rebuilding Haiti and 90% of the people were un-banked and the banks didn't want
to fool with them because they could make all the money they needed because 19% of Haiti's income every year is from remittances from the
United States, and Canada, and Bermuda, and Dominican
Republic, and France. So the banks can just charge a fee to convert those currency into gourdes and they won't have to worry
about serving poor folks, making loans to little businesses. So, I would like to talk
about things like that. How we started a small
business loan program there and how we started home
mortgage program there. We need the best minds we can to think about how we're going to create more jobs because what I was gonna say is in spite of all these joys of IT, they do make everybody
so much more productive that every year, not just in manufacturing
but in other things, you can do more with fewer people. So how are we going to find sustainable employment
in both poor countries, rich countries and in
the rising countries? How are we going to do this and how are we gonna
make the adjustments for different cultures, and
different possibilities, and different levels of natural resources? I think there's way too
little research on that and we all… When I got elected President, I had been Governor of
a state which never had an unemployment rate
below the national average until I ran for President, ironically. In that year, we were first or second
job growth every month, but we worked 10 years
to rejigger the economy. The American people need some sense of how we're gonna do this and so to people throughout the world. we don't know enough to know
how these new realities are different from what we did in the 90s, but I'm quite sure that if I
did everything we did then, it wouldn't produce jobs we need. I have some ideas, but I
think we should do more. – Another question from a
student here at Georgetown is from Salvador Rosas. During your time as president in 1996, you passed the Immigration Reform Act. What do you believe it will take for us to pass a comprehensive
Immigration Reform that would help solve current problems with our immigration system? – Well, you only have
two obstacles really. Will there be a filibuster in the Senate and will the Speaker of the House allow any bill that passes the Senate to be voted on the House floor if a majority of the
Republicans are not for it. That had been their
policy more or less since Newt Gingrich was speaker and it was formalized
under Dennis Hastert. But John Boehner deserves a lot of credit. He varied from that policy
three times this year already, including to allow the House to vote on the Violence Against Women Act, which did pass by a day
bipartisan majority, but not by a majority within
the Republican caucus. So I think they're gonna
pass this immigration reform. I think, and I'll be surprised if it doesn't get 70 votes in the Senate, because just the pure demographics of it. The Republicans I think know they can't be a national party if they lose 72, 75% of the Latino vote three or four more times. The numbers are only gonna get bigger and so I think the same
thing is true of Asians. When we had a huge influx
of Asian immigrants, a lot of the Vietnamese were a bit militantly anti-Communist and came here and were inclined to
vote Republican because they perceived that the
Republicans were more anti-Communist and the Democrats and that the Democrats had driven the country's disengagement from Vietnam even though
President Ford was in office when the last troops were withdrawn. All of that's changed over
all this immigration business so that now the Democrats tend to get a big majority of the Asian vote too and
they're growing like crazy. So I think just for sheer demographic reasons, we're gonna get it. Also keep in mind, there are economic imperatives here. The United States, one of the things that gives
me hope about our economy is that we are younger than Europe. We are younger than Japan. We are not resistant to
immigrants, historically. Only Ireland is younger than we are. Thanks to the Catholics, they
still got a high birthrate. (audience laughing) By the way, and now that you're laughing, and you should know that the Irish were very
open to immigration. There was a huge variety of immigrants in Ireland in their boom years and a lot of those folks went home, mostly to central Europe. But they'll come back again
if things pick up again, so this is an economic imperative for us. I do believe it will pass. I think it is possible, depending on the details of the past, the citizenship, I think it's possible that there won't be a majority of the Republican
House caucus for it and then they'll have to decide whether to let it come
to the floor or not, but I really think this will pass. – The next question is also
from a Georgetown student, Jessica Albert from Barker, Colorado. What was your motivation for
starting the Clinton Foundation and what distinguishes it in your mind from other humanitarian initiatives? – Well I started the
foundation with a kind of a… It wasn't a vague notion. I had a very clear notion, but I didn't have the details filled in. I knew when I left office I did not want to spend most of my time just talking about current
political issues or talking about my record or legacy. I wanted to spend time on issues I had cared a
lot about as President where I could still have an impact. Now there are a lot of things
I care about as President, but I have relatively small impact, like will there be peace between the Palestinians and Israelis. I have spent a fair amount
of time in the Middle East since I left office. I still keep contacts there. I do what I can, but that is more the province of governments as facilitators in the case of the United States, but also what the leaders
of those countries and the people of those
countries want to do. So it would be foolish I think for me to just be one more of
the voices saying that, believe me they (chuckles) all know what I think about
it, but it doesn't matter. I don't have the position
anymore to have as much impact. But in all these other things, I do, so what it did was I started out with that in mind and then I began working with Nelson Mandela in AIDS when there was no global fund on HTB and malaria. There was no PEPFAR program. The United States when I
left off has been providing about I think 28% of all the
money that we all were spending to fight AIDS and it was a pittance, and so we were trying to raise more money. From there I got into being asked to deal with the systematics
challenges facing the Caribbean, which then had the second
fastest growth rate of AIDS in the world after Africa and everything else just kind of
fell into place after that. A few years later, I got interested in whether… One of my staff members suggested to me we ought to have a meeting
like the Davos meeting at the opening of the UN
because people could come and meet with the people
who'd come from the UN and leaders of business and all of that. I said, "Who would pay to come to New York "during the UN when its already
has traffic in the world? I said, "I got a bright idea. "We'll make it even harder for them. I'll say, "If you come to our meeting, "you have to promise to do something "to help somebody somewhere "and you gotta keep the promise
if you wanna come back." The first meeting of this kind
ever where we ask people to meet with different people
and make commitments and it's worked out pretty well, but it was a wild leap. These things have come up and then I deliberately took up the
cause of childhood obesity cause I think it's a public
health problem in the country. So I tried to chart these programs within the framework of my record and my passions as President where I could still have an impact and have the discipline to try to stop doing things when I thought I could have an impact and turned out not to work so that we just keep trying to measure for impact and do that. – And final question is from another student at
your school in Little Rock and it ties very nicely
back to the theme of your talk today. Nate Kennedy asks, I've heard you say that, and we heard you again
today also say this, that the last remaining widespread bigotry is toward those with whom we have ideological differences. What can we do to bring people together? – Well, it's very interesting. I'll never forget. I had a very interesting encounter when I was attempting to change the Pentagon policy on gays in the military 20 years ago and everybody knows we failed with it. Most people don't know
what really happened or what it was designed to do, but that's not important now. There was a survey that came out on this issue and it said that in the population of the United States as it existed in 1993, which
is very different from now, we're much more diverse now in
every way than we were then, the public was about evenly divided and I had pushed it to where in this survey it was
48 to 45 for my position on allowing people to serve without regard to sexual orientation. But it was a political loser because the 45 who disagreed with me, 33% of them were intensely opposed and only 16% of the people who were for me were intensely for it. So the real political
vote was 33 against 16 for and that's the problem that my friends who are trying to pass this gun legislation are having. I don't agree with them anymore, but before when I passed an assault weapons ban that had a 10-bullet ammunition on them, and it did just fine and it was a sick day for me when it was allowed to expire in 1994. But what happened in the Congressional elections of '94 was that the people who were for what I did, the majority said, "Thank you very much. "I think I'll vote on something else." The people who were against it said, "I'm gonna kill you. "I wouldn't vote for you if you "were the last candidate on earth." So that the fact that
we had majority support didn't amount to anything. It's always the intensity of support that you have to measure. So that's like when people say, "Russia's 90% support for this. "How could the most against it?" Because they all believed
that the opposition is more heated and I think they're wrong
this time, by the way. You know the old story about it. The problem with the cat
that sits on a hot stove is that that cat will never
sit on a hot stove again, but also it will never
sit on a cold stove. I think this is a cold
stove and we could do this, this background check business, but that's what the problem is in a way. I didn't answer, what was it? – [Clara] But in terms of (audience laughing) – I didn't answer your question. – So in term… How then do you engage that
intensity of opposition and how do you
– I was there when he showed his first signs of dementia. What, what?
(audience laughing) – How do you then engage that intensity of opposition?
– Well here's what I think you have to do. First of all you got to realize, for the legitimate differences, let's say over gun control, basically it's an urban-rural deal. There are some people you can't reach. But if you live in a city, you're way better off and you think you need protection in your home? You're way better off with a
shotgun than an assault weapon. Trust me (chuckles), it's not even close. So this is mostly a rural-urban deal. Do you know Senator
Murkowski talking about how in the far reaches of Alaska, if somebody wants to sell a gun to their next-door neighbor, how could you possibly ask
for a background check? Keep in mind the Constitution
set Congress up this way so that rural states have
disproportionate influence in the United States Senate cause every state gets two senators. So I just think they need
to keep talking about it. I think they can do that. I think the President
having these two dinners with the Republican
senators is a good thing. I think the President
meeting with the women senators was a good thing. I read the other day an
article saying that in one of these dinners it would seem too stilted cause everybody had something they wanted to say to him and so it took the whole two hours they had set aside for the dinner. But I spent (mumbles) endless hours just to listen to the people and just digging, and
digging, and digging. It doesn't always work. I mean one of the reasons we're in a mess we're in in the Middle East today is that I spent eight years listening and I proposed a peace proposal
when Israel said yes and Arafat wouldn't say yes or no, even though he told me he was going to, and it was the most colossal
political error of my lifetime and a lot has flowed out of this. One of the reasons that
we're still stuck is that the mi-ser-ah-bahs for whom
I have a lot of respect said he wanted a settlement freeze. So Hillary and other people went out and got a settlement freeze for 10 months. It was a big deal. This government sends his whole base to support with the West Bank sellers and they wouldn't talk to them. They waited until the 10 months
was over and then he said, "Now give me another 10-month freeze "and maybe I will talk to him." Bad move, and so you just… It doesn't always work. Second thing I want to tell
you if you get into politics, nothing lasts forever. It's a human creation. So people come to me all the time and say, "Weren't you sick that
President Bush reversed "your economic policies and we went from "surplus to as far as the eye could see "to doubling the debt? And I say, "Yeah
(chuckles), it made me sick, "but the American people
made it possible." I'm constantly amazed when people vote and then they're surprised
that people they vote for do what they promised to do. It wasn't like he made a
secret of what he was gonna do. That's the other thing I want to tell you. Most politicians actually do try to do what
they say they're gonna do, which should be the basis for
this kind of communication. But I just don't know how
much these people would talk and it may not be possible, but I just know this. Look at where America has come back. San Diego, the human
genome center of America. Orlando, the computer
simulation center of America. Even in Cleveland with all that trouble, the Cleveland clinic and the
community college are training the hardest unemployed population we have, middle age non-college educated people to do jobs that will grow
in the health care industry whatever happens and however the health care bill is implemented. You just look around the country. The places which are doing well are places where there's creative cooperation. One of the problems these people have in Washington today is that the Congressional districts are drawn so that the most liberal
and the most conservative of our members in Congress
have to worry far more about being pure and being defeated by a primary challenge, than losing a general
election because they did not work with people from the
other side to get things done. So that the political reality in a lot of these House districts is very different than the national political reality than
the screaming hunger of the American people to see people make honorable compromises and
get the show on the road. But my advice is you can't get tired of listening. You just have to keep coming at people. You have to figure out where they're coming from,
what their motives are, what their interests are. When I was at all these peace
deals I tried to work out, I never argued so much about what I
thought was right or wrong as I did about why I thought it was in their interest to take it and there's no easy answer here, but disengagement is a recipe for failure. So my view is you just gotta get it. You just can't get tired of just reaching out and
bowling ahead with it. – Wonderful, two final words. First, audience here in Gaston, please stay here until
President Clinton has departed and finally, help me in thanking President
Clinton for joining us today. (audience applauding)

PCUSA lecture on Iran for peace



Views:2521|Rating:4.82|View Time:2:5:36Minutes|Likes:190|Dislikes:7
Recorded on my discord server on 11th January 2020.

PCUSA website

Link to the discord:

SOURCES AND REFERENCES
United States of Arms

The Facebook page, WREE USA, Inc

Giuliani Calls MEK ‘My People’

Where Does MEK Get Its Money?

Seymour Hersh 2008 – Preparing Battlefield w Iran

Seymour Hersh 2008 – Secret War in Iran

“Manufactured Crisis”, by Gareth Porter

Zarif – Proportionate Response to Soleimani Assassination on Twitter

Wilkerson on Iran Working with US against Taliban and ISIS

Giuliani – MEK Free Iran Rally in Albania

1981 Prime Minister Office Bombing

1981 Bombing Killing 73 Iranian Government Officials

“Against Our Better Judgment” by Alison Weir, a history of Zionism, particularly in the US

———————————-

Hello comrades! It took me quite a while to edit this, due to issues with lag and the length of the recording, hopefully you will enjoy it.

Big thanks to Prp, Nuri and Alan. There was quite a lot of information in Nuri’s presentation, so in order to make it easier for people I’m gonna write a short explanation of some points:

-Mosaddegh was a progressive anti-imperialist prime minister of Iran from 1951 until his overthrow in a CIA coup in 1953. His party was the “National Front”. He was mainly overthrown for nationalizing Iranian oil which used to be controlled by the British.

-After Mosaddegh was overthrown Iranian oil was shared by foreign imperialists: 40% to USA, 40% to UK and 20% to Holland. The USA put their own puppet dictator “Shah” Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in control of Iran.

-The Shah was overthrown in 1979 in the popular uprising known as the Iranian islamic revolution, primarily headed by Ayatollah Khomeini and supported by progressive forces. The USA also saw Khomeini as their best option, because despite being anti-imperialist he was anti-communist.

-MEK or Mujahedin (People’s Mujahedin of Iran) was a marxist islamic popular movement. It should not be confused with the Mujahedin of Afghanistan which gave birth to the Taliban. The Iranian MEK was split due to sabotage by the USA: the leftist marxist faction was destroyed while the right faction became islamic fundamentalist and reactionary.

-JCPOA (The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action) is the so-called Iran nuclear deal

this event this discussion is mainly we're going to be focusing on the situation in the Middle East the conflict between Iran and the u.s. u.s. imperialism how important it is right now for American communists in particular to organize to resist imperialism and to struggle for peace and I basically have three points that I want to make the first point is that American communists have a special role to play American communists you live in the belly of the beast you live in the imperialist base aérea american communists might think that their organizations are weak or that they don't have the popularity or the resources that they would want american communists might think that they don't matter because they don't have a big strong movement like the Communists in some other countries but that's wrong american communists actually matter a lot american communists are the ones who can truly and effectively resist US imperialism and imperialist wars of profit people in other countries can't really do that in the same way that is the job of the people in the united states this is your time to act you have to get out there join a party join a trade union join a student organization go to peace demonstrations even if you can't talk to people openly about communism you can still tell them to support peace and I'm sure PRP will maybe tell you a little bit more about how to do that in practice he's from the party of Communists USA so if you have questions you can ask him after the talk second point we need to combat the lies and warmongering of the capitalist corporate media it is very important right now that communists have the necessary information so that we can actually effectively combat imperial imperialist lies and tell people what is actually going on the corporate capitalist media is going to support this war 100% I've already seen the Finnish media talking about how supposedly dangerous Iran is and how Iran is supposedly threatening the world and all that but Iran is the one that's in the crosshairs of the United States Iran is not invading the u.s. Iran is not invading Finland but the u.s. NATO EU and their allies like Finland actually threaten other countries like Iran the corporate capitalist media is going to try to control the narrative and distort all the facts to support yet another war and we have to combat that as much as we can and lastly Communists are the ones who are the vanguard of the peace movement communists are the most reliable anti-imperialists but communists must also get other people to join the cause for peace and for anti-imperialism it can't just be us communists it's crucial that we get all organized workers progressive students the population in general just the average everyday people to support peace and say that enough is enough no more Wars no more Wars no more invading other countries to steal their resources on behalf of corporations Americans should not have to die on behalf of millionaires corporations bankers and rich elites Trump himself has dodged the draft so many times so why should he get to send other people to die on his behalf the people need to unite against war the wars don't benefit anyone except a tiny minority of super-rich capitalists now we know that the right wing is going to support this war and support imperialism always but liberals anarchists Social Democrats etc are a bit of bit of an uncertain element we know that the liberal corporate media MSNBC CNN what-have-you will support this war obviously or they will make excuses for it or they at least will never take a determined principled stance against the war but what about everyday liberals liberal voters what about the workers and students who still support liberalism this is their moment this is their chance to finally do the right thing and to not be fooled this is their chance to do the right thing and stand for peace the same goes for anarchists for Social Democrats Democratic socialists Trotskyists whatever quasi socialist quasi communist there are this is their chance to finally support anti-imperialism this is an excellent chance for them this is their chance to finally do the right thing as well you don't have to be a Marxist Leninist you don't even have to be a communist you can be whatever liberal social democrat but you can still unite for peace we have been betrayed by social imperialists and liberal politicians so many times that it is finally time for the people to stop making excuses and stop supporting that Thank You comrades hello comrades so I'm just gonna briefly go over the events that have transpired that's led up to the this situation we're in so I'd like to open up by thanking Finn bull for giving this discussion a place to occur and thanking Nuri for being here today to talk about this really important topic the topic of peace and its preservation not just for us as Americans and our families but also for the selves and families of those we are often pitted against by the system that we also we really call it a democratic and fair government who if they claim to be seen as a democratic an actual true democratic society if that claim was actually true it would seem that the there's a big delusion going on about just how much people want war but anyway I digress as most of us know on January 3rd 2020 Soleimani was killed in a targeted US drone strike in Baghdad and of a lesser but still really quite rather relevant no the u.s. also attempted the assassination of Abdul Reza Shah lie which ended in failure on the same night these actions which were politically motivated and stemming from the long-standing political complications in the Middle East shook the world and convinced many people that World War 3 or that at the very least another terrible conflict in the Middle East was very soon to come the assassination of Qasem Soleimani was nothing short of cold-blooded murder and a spitting upon of the basic tenets of diplomacy decency and peace shortly after the disastrous deed was done the state of Iran made a statement saying that it would meet out a response to us aggression and on January 7th 20 20 hours after the burial of Qasem Soleimani the state of Iran launched 22 ballistic missiles between 1:45 a.m. and 2:15 a.m. 17 towards ein Al Asad base and five at Irbil after a TENS few hours it was revealed that there were no casualties due to among other factors Iran warning the troops and the base and the Iraqi government regarding the strike before its launch the world reeved a sigh of relief as it seemed that both nations were in the process of de-escalation however I would like to address those that may be complacent about the current situation and be under the false presumption that the de-escalation is set in stone and that there is no need to continue fierce efforts at activism this is wrong both within the context and including the fact that yesterday it was confirmed that the Ukraine International Airlines flight 752 crash was in fact shot down on accident by an Iranian surface-to-air missile the stage is set for the West to demonize Iran and secure a justification for war now is a more important time than ever to be involved in the peace movement and to speak further on this I'd like to introduce comrade nur irani ghee who as an Iranian herself and a veteran of the peace movement has much more insight into this than I so I now hand the floor over to her thank you so much this is new rerun Iggy I was born in Iran and in 1940 and within a few years a movement that started in Iran and really worked throughout the world dr. Masada being in Congress and then became prime minister but it is important to know that really Iranian people by masses even children I was seven eight years old at that time were involved in the movement because the history of it is of course Iranian oil and while British was taking Iranian oil and not even opening the book to what they were doing with what they were supposed to give to Iranian and dr. Massa dig us ask just for open books to see what is happening with Iranian share which was only 16 percent of net profit and they never gave to Iranian that money they didn't of course accept that and that resulted in nationalization of Iranian oil and United States helped in at every stage at the beginning to push British back and ultimately to take control of Iranian oil and while British was throwing Iranian ships oil ships in the ocean so you sinking Iranian oil ship in the ocean and dr. Mossad egg was asking United States and the same so this is 70 years ago and blockade and everything else was going on but by British and United States United States not only did not help while they could even a doctor Massa dick reach out to Eisenhower and asking him to be the judge between Iran and British on the on the dispute and Eisenhower got back with CIA coup from American Embassy against a term acidic imprisoning Massa date overthrowing the the popularly elected Massa date in 1953 and and I was at that time thirteen years old and I witnessed it as 20 million Iranian zwi that–how coup d'etat took place and what it means to the citizen of the country that us carries coup d'etat which had been hundreds from then on in 1954 they overthrew Guatemala president ovens and and the same killings continuing but our killings that I witnessed personally was the day after coup d'etat there were trucks that in Tehran and big cities in Shiraz and Isfahan and capris and all of that that they were they were putting dead and not quite dead bodies and mostly women and children and girls that somewhere that somewhere not dead and moving and blood dripping from their head tracks moving them by by hundreds this was just a small scene he what happened to Iranian to start with that was the first u.s. coup d'etat that continued in so many many other countries and we need to understand what what the meaning of coup d'etat is after CIA coup d'etat United States promptly created Iranian Sabich which is which was Iranian secret police and also several prisons political prisoners and even prison was the prison that United State helped later I be one of the prisoners in Iran and I will tell you later at the story about it so after coup d'etat was carried out and mass murder of Iranian people took place through Eisenhower during Eisenhower then Iran when Shah came back with the help of CIA they start mass murdering our youth including my brother who was going to be executed he was a medical student at the time and the way he was saved a friend of us jumped ahead of the game and arrested him so that he could save him and not be executed but hundreds and hundreds of members of Iranian to the party and supporters of a sedate Iranian National Front and other progressive organizations were executed or were were murdered or were imprisoned in half in prison and this this scene continued and continued for 27 years during Shahs regime I moved to United State well my family has its own story of um my parents the stories are amazing there were two young girls that will older than me and they were member of Iranian to the party Youth Iranian used to the party members Iranian common his body that they hid in our house and a member of Sabah came to arrest them and and my mother was taking her gold drink begging and crying and taking Heidi we were hiding them and my mother was taking her gold ring from her wrists and giving it to this agent that please please let these eleven year old and thirteen year old girls that were our friends to let them go please don't in any case after all my mother's jewelry was went to this CIA Saavik agent whatever you call it because CIA organized Sabich and created it after that they they we had to get we had to let these girls go and later on we found that they were killed 11 years old and 13 years old and many many my brother was saved after some torture my other brother was tortured and then I moved to United States in 1919 63 and then back in 1967 with my two little children six months old and and three years old interest interestingly at that time Eleanor Roosevelt her daughter Anna Roosevelt was in Iran with her husband dr. Halstead and friend of the family when we came to United States I directly went to Eleanor Roosevelt's house or Anna Roosevelt her daughter we arrived there then then in from there I was member of Iranian Student Association I was also active with American Soviet Friendship Society I was active with women's International League for peace and freedom and I married Indian ambassador to United Nation in the United States and I myself was representative of of wilf Women's International League for peace and freedom to un and I was working at you and for some years for three years then we can now Alan can send you they and you can see the military sales that United States from 1950 to 27 Dean was selling military to all countries trillions of dollars trillions of dollars especially Iran in 1972 eighty became the first the most military receiver from the United States and Shah of Iran's what became John Daum of region in Middle East and suppressed with 15 at least 15,000 Iranians getting killed with Iranian petrodollar suppressed the farm movement which is right next to Yemen present Yemen movement that is going on so if you want if anybody wants to ask questions when we can have a break for people to ask me questions or if you want we can continue okay this is Alan I'm going to put up in the text box a link to the flow of arms that Marie was talking about I'm nervous partner by the way we're both members of along with PRP we're members of the common party of Communists of the USA all right I'll read out the questions to you and I'll unmute the person who asked the question and you can answer it so the first one is a narco tanki he has two questions the first question is which party do you consider to be Iran's vanguard if any well – the party was Iranian Communist Party at the time of Mossad egg and even during after revolution for some time it continued to be active in Iran unfortunately it was suppressed by the government I was going to explain what happened really at the revolution United States tried to bring somebody to power the Iranian Revolution was a popular uprising in 1977 78 79 and Kissinger and Carter and others they had different ideas about Iran one group of Americans the most right-wing where one group was thinking of in the administration US administration to kill as many as possible as needed to save Shah of Iran in power the other and this was Kissinger and the gang and the other group which was Carter and the rest of him and Rockefeller and all that they they believe that Shah of Iran has done its service and it is a death it's a liability for United States so to keep imperialist interest in Iran we should get rid of him and bring somebody is who doesn't have as bad reputation as Jacques because shuddering it's it's time really did so many organizations mass murder and killing of Iranian youth especially so after general general Heiser went to Iran and they created like Friday on Black Friday thousands of Iranians against again were killed and but it didn't work for them so they realized that and they agreed to fuse the second part and the second part was that let's bring somebody to power that we could use him there were several progressive movements going on at that time father Yan has been to the party and Mujahideen and other organizations and an Iranian United Front the left over of tearing Masada but but us decided that they would like somebody as much as possible if it is anti imperialist let let us make sure that he is as much anti-communist so the best remaini which was a leader of a movement in Iran during Shah and that was when American soldiers and American spies in Iran they did some violation lot of violation but violation against an Iranian woman which is so natural for them all over the United States to all over the world so anyway this was very heavy many the assault on Iranian women and there was a contract between United States and the rest of the world wherever they were that whoever does any crime against the host country those country has no right to prosecute them they have to come back to us and of course they never are prosecuted here no matter what they are doing over so this person so how many that was very as far as religious and and respect for Iranian women or Iranians it was a movement took place against this injustice and became popular and you as figured out later and he was he went to exile in Iraq he was sent to exile to eat in Iraq but then United States felt that Romanian himself was not a traitor or anything but United States felt that that's the best solution possibly they can use as much his anti-communist sentiment to benefit United State if he is going to be a leader in Iran so from Iraq and they brought him or they helped and came to Europe and then Iranian movement which was popular uprising got the slight tendency of becoming anti-communist also so then how many went to Iran and he was really getting hint from popular movement from people and especially at the beginning it was very very Pro people and very because he was also the leader of Shia and Muslims very very humble very non corrupt and not not thinking of worldly things so he he became popular and he became leader and the revolution in 1979 when he took place I'm sorry I forgot the question I don't know it was which party do you consider to be Iran's Vanguard well at this time I felt that in 1979 it was really popular uprising of people rather than any party leading although there were different organizations and groups and parties that FATA in and Mujahideen and popular National Front and to the party where the leading movement that they partially somewhat father in with to the party they United at this point I don't know as party or I don't think Iran has that to the party myself I was member I was supporter at this time I'm not very much in touch with them or what I see which is a little bit problematic for me is that they're anti-government sentiment is bigger than anti imperialist which I feel it is drunk I feel really we could possibly help the government and and maybe modify and some at least somewhat at this time anti-imperialist movement in the world and anti violence and militarism is the most important issue that all communist parties should should address rather than whatever problem that internal governments like Iran have which they do have some problem can I ask something or you can I'll allow one reply per person so go ahead my version I've heard from other motorists – at the time especially a chef that my JK Fidelia is that it wasn't really an anti-imperialist movement so much as a hijacking of the trip by the Islamists all right so so I was asking what would it help you think had ears the people like Ashraf the onion I pfg who say Iran isn't that an imperialist and its prosecution of Communists since the beginning and still ongoing which we had a wave of this spring a lot of people getting jailed flipping Marxist in Tehran University how do you respond to that I was member of to the party myself what I feel is that as I said one of the reasons that United States really worked out an Iranian movement which was anti imperialist anti dictatorship they tried very much to move toward being also anti-communist and knowing that this is the gift of imperialism to American people as well as to the people of the world to have some to have anti-communist rhetoric I would like to focus on anti-imperialist movement of all organizations or communist parties rather than rather than focusing on the characteristic of Iranian system as being so as their difference with imperialism I would like to fight against imperialism to start with and eventually getting rid of the government I feel with the difference between Iranian government US government there are times that we have to we have to make a choice although I don't want and I don't agree with the system that exists in Iran next question this one is an cap wash combo pack his question is how can we get Americans to be against this war Americans are really against this war or any war it is what it is is that we are majority but we are not so organized they are less than 1% or 1/10 of 1% but they have been able they are very organized and they have all the violence organizations and American people's bread and butter because of the system the way it is has become violent look at the number of prisoners we have and prisons and prison guards and police and CIA and FBI and homeland security which is really in security and and immigration and military bases around around the world military bases in United States the drone bases these are jobs one of the reasons that really Iran as they attacked military bases made sure that nobody would get killed is because Iranian government Iranian government or Iran Iranian people as a whole they have a sense that these are people for bread and butter and for living they have to go to military about two million or so all over the world and these are themselves innocent as much as sometimes they kill other innocent and the bosses and the imperialists and corporations are here primarily and killing those that they are forced to go to different countries and kill the civilians citizen and civilians of those countries they themselves are agents that they have no choice for survival for education for bread and butter they get those jobs so what is important for us is to educate and organize ourselves about what we want to do there are so many many organizations United States active against war that we need to join and we need to help them and we need to educate American people we need to organize they really know and they don't want war next question we're gonna go back to a narco tanky he wants to know what do you think of the recent protests and I mean the album bukas Iranians I feel that there there are many legitimate grievances of Iranians especially Iranian youth and actually I put on re which is women for racial and economic equality face Facebook the the Speaker of Student Representative in at the University from Isfahan that was representing Iranian students in Tehran he's a speech to rouhani I just loved it because he comes out concretely of incompetency of corruption of the problems that is that that Iranian people are suffering from and you have religion and women and all of these things he was so accurate and so concrete of the problems that Iranian people facing by the problems that other is creating and I agree with all of that the only things that we got to be able to mirror the global enemy of the people of the world with their level of strength and the danger that exists and what should we what should it be our struggle at this point and making sure that as us has been able to infiltrate in those movements that they would not be able to infiltrate it that they would not be able to mess it up and and cause so much killing of our youth for me all those killings I see it as American doing because the the grievances of people and youth and students which is legitimate is being abused by imperialism and force of imperialism is so dangerous if they are mixing with our grievances or if they are working against Iran that is Iranian people's job utter stopping all US intervention in the Middle East which I can which I was going to talk about it and I will after that it is Iranian people to fix their government or overthrow it if they cannot be fixed it is their job it is not the job of United States at all – supposedly which they never mean that come and help Iranian people we don't need help I don't mean it you know you can see easily how when they use Kurdish against Assad how they left them and then they got help from Turkey to kill math so then then abusing our struggle with the hand of imperialism not for it and that's what they do it's what they their strength is unfortunately if you look at if you look at M Giuliani Bolton Michael Mackenzie will attorney was Attorney General and Israel and Saudi Arabia and all of those and I can come more US imperialism all of them they are there to to destroy bond and Iran people and if they cannot get help from Iranian government they try to pretend that they are in Versailles and they are doing for our benefit and they cannot fool me so we got to unite overthrow get rid of imperialism in the Middle East and then deal with our government if they if we can be through legislature if we can get rid of them and bring people's representative or whatever or if they have to be overthrown they have to be overthrown by Iranian people get rid of imperialism all over the world get rid of imperialism in the Middle East especially military bases and all that to leave Iraq Afghanistan in from Yemen all of that then what we want to do with the government is runyan people's struggle and movement so first comes first and that is u.s. imperialism that is messing up the whole world then ok so there so in 1979 there were popular rising um that that was somewhat diverted by United States bringing their own agents and including the foreign minister that was executed later what is his name what was his name anyway he was in United State and he was member of Iranian Student Association supposedly and I was member of Iranian Student Association and I could recognize that he is an agent of imperialism pretending to be Iranian student member and the he so many other spies yes the unrest that United States put together in France and they gifted Iranian people as missing gap our movement and our revolution I send you that and you can see that for ten years during SHA how Iran was giving us the the gift of their coup d'etat billions of dollars of Iranian oil then they started off course iran-iraq war against Iran which half a million Iranians got killed and then we know that from that moment for ankle in 1981 they bombed and they killed about 73 senior Iranian officials which was prime minister president and ebony 27 members of Iranian parliament in 1981 in June and then in August they killed another eight which was under a Rajah Yi and Bowman R and another the chief of deaths of Ronen besties and they killed so this shows and thousands and thousands with the help of United State helping Mona Dean they start killing Iranian people and now again Allen can send you those that how United States is prompting a Mujahideen and Maryam Rajavi if not monthly yearly several time getting money from Israel getting money from Saudi Arabia and getting money from United States they are propping up from in different countries from Canada to right now to mania and Paris and all over thousands of m EK members and i wonder our tax dollar is stopping that kind of terrorism again his Iranian onion people so killing of heads of state of Iranian government or somebody like Qasem Soleimani is nothing new throughout the whole year throughout the whole 40 years they have been killing and killing and killing these Iranian representatives and pinion people trying to put him down and humor eight Iranians then going back to my own story in nineteen in 1970 during Shaw 1978 father died and I took my mother I was American citizen and I was in United States ylan 12 years and then my mother back to Iran because of my activity in United Stated me in cetera confinement in Evin prison and of course all kind of at least psychological torture and then sha earrings are they of that of this when would the Revolution was taking place he felt that she's not so useful and they they I I was let go but I was kept in Iran for quite a few II quite a few months about 10 months while I had children 11 and 13 years old in United States then after that it comes 1979 Iranian Revolution at the time of hostages so-called hostages which I have the books right in front me it's really the American Embassy when Iranian students took it the spies they they shredded all those of those informations and Iranian students they put it together and they made five books and they translated to Persian and I have right in front of me and it shows highs secret what what United State is doing was doing was doing and is doing all over the world and and at that time in United States CIA came and visited me personally and they threatened me that they will kill me I was sued in Medical College of Virginia Richmond Virginia the Ku Klux Klan wrote a note with blood writing that we will cut your throat and we will cut your children's throat and so I was terrorized for quite a long time in United States as as they put me in prison in Iran and they send a file of my activities in United States to Iran and also threatened to kill me Ku Klux Klan and CIA both of the university had to give me housing although I had my own housing and for some time protect me from the KKK and from United States only because I was giving this kind of lecture and writings that let the Shah go and face justice in Iran then then we talked about ME ME K group what they did in 203 and then when we talk about those we we need to know that United States during hostage crisis which means 40 about 40 to go they passed Congress has icon something about 68 million dollar a year supporting purple ganda against Iran with those Iranian TV and radio stations all over a voice of America and the rest of em at they offending for my part Iran against Iran and then later you will see that where is Seymour Hersh if you look at his report you will see that in 1912 eight blighted state put 400 million dollar appropriation to send groups working against Iran and against supposedly nuclear nuclear Iranian nuclear then jcpoa came to life which it's interesting the United States for many years purple made propaganda that Oh Iran is having the weapon while how many from the beginning said that it gains our religion and we don't we don't want to but it was good because after some time United States believed he's their own lie and they picked up in making negotiation with Iran to stop actually Iran never intended and all they had they they did two things that one was they had they stopped several contracts that Ron had with rich countries Germany in particular to proceed with move the power etcetera they they stopped those for these peaceful nuclear programs so that forced Iran would have searched out alternative channels for for getting nuclear materials for their their research and that enabled the US and also Israel to paint Iran as being clandestine the reason for them being clandestine was to have a nuclear weapons program now I'm about to this is something unfortunate I don't have the reference to this so you can look this up on the internet a book manufactured crisis by Gareth Porter that gives a history of the Iran nuclear program that different from what the American media provides yes it comes Donald Trump Donald well of course what happened was that United States throughout last 40 years the killings were repeated through hours against Iranian the money that u.s. gives and Israel and Saudi Arabia against activities against Iranian is continuing throughout all those year and then jcpoa actually at the beginning of a revolution we had more than 36 billion dollars which was at that time four years ago and money that was confiscated by United States and they also had sanctions against Iran from the very beginning last 40 years so our money was conceded and sanctions was going on so when Jaycee jcpoa happened some of the money was given back a little bit of the money was given back to Iran our own money although at the time of 9/11 when 9/11 happened United States try to make Iran as if Iran was part of that with the the war in Afghanistan and the war in Iraq resulted in specially were concerned resulted about four or five million refugees Afghani refugees in Iran as YouTube state was forcing sanctions against Iran then the same thing as it was the Vietnam now Afghanistan Taliban really as much as they are a terrorist group they tried to reduce the amount of opium creation soon as United States you stop the war in Afghanistan the opium production of Afghanistan sword and they have and this was a report 65% of of economy of Afghanistan is supported by oaken which is sent primarily by tons and tons he to Iran and making Iranian youth addicted to opium and the problem that his right next door to us that he's created so problem for Iranian youth we need to so see that not only eight years of our Iran and Iraq not only all those money spying on Iran and but also creating a big refugee as well as opium addiction for our youth these are the gifts of United States now Donald Trump canceling jcpoa and also doing the type of vicious sanction against Iran medical and everything else that Iranian 's would not be able to create a big biggest inflation and problem in Iran which of course we could understand why Iranian people also and created a movement against the government and this added to these problems of Iranian people that inflation and all the time and all of that so now what is united they doing United State is negotiating with Taliban because they know that Taliban will work against Iran that is another thing and the other one was the Kurds that we're working with United State in Syria how they were suppressed and how that would help Isis and others that are working that Iran was helping with soleimani he was having supposedly united state that really never wanted to eliminate Isis diet and threat but soleimani and nerdy as protects that yes all those terrorist groups that killed so many American as well as so many Iranians he helped to kind of eliminate them and now you as announced they are going to allow Isis and al-nusra and I and all of those to not to be suppressed or not to do anything so this is in Iraq the other one the negotiation with Taliban in Afghanistan so they are trying their best to prompt not and add to the region tension by doing these kind of T things Turks suppression of course so are us people ought to unite no matter where we come from no matter what country of origin so for me if Iranian government is helping the Yemenis or helping Iraqi resistance against imperialism or Syria resistance with the invitation of the government and the people or helping to eliminate diet and rest IDO diet is not in Iran this is something that is important for all of us to do against imperialism with if we are communists or if we are nationalists whatever because as everybody said I am not necessarily so on the side of our government but definitely I am against imperialism intention in Iran or in the Middle East or anywhere for that matter so it doesn't make me because I am Iranian I shouldn't intervene so-called in Iraq or Afghanistan if it is pro people and my activity as a communist as a patriot of humanity no matter where it is we all should unite now we go what to do I would say the last stage of what is happening and I will say what we need to do once that dissolution manis killing that was military head of a country defense of a country in another country in Iraq so openly by the order of so-called president of United States this is a new stage and a new situation because whatever they used to do it used to be covert and if they used to deny it or supposedly they were supporting people democracy and all of these things now this is jingoism and exactly opposite of what UN was established then of course they didn't allow the reef the Iranian Foreign Minister to be able to come to United Nation and talk which of course we understand that too so my my hope is that as imperialists is so organized with Europe and here and everything and they are so minority we need to organize ourselves we need to work out that US military bases and us ah NATO we need to work against NATO we need to work against US military bases we need to organize ourselves with peace organization we need to support although impeachment is very Shady the way it is we need to support impeachment we need to ask the government to bring the troops back home we need to support the Congress that they just put something that no war against Iran we need to create a really we have we created a US Department of Peace and then you can join you as Department of Peace and with our party's communist parties that we are member we need to work more in actions like these demonstrations we have weekly peace vigil in ojai that we organize we have monthly peace movie showing at the library we work with Unitarian Universalists regularly supporting peace and justice we need to especially all of us opposed when and write something when a rogue nation president says that we will destroy Iranian culture sites and all of those things which is crazy I do have Ari women for racial and economic equality USA Facebook that I have 800 posts that really is very educational and I spent months and days and so much preparing that please do that and tell us what you think what changes we should make or how we can make it more that everybody look at it and I said I hope that we all together would be able to stop all these inhuman distractive we need to join the environmental movement and use and support them and stop all these dangers that is not going to be actually there solely money's assassination to me is start of another stage rather than the end of I don't think it is at all the end of the dispute or problems between Iran and United States United State is not going to give up until they get Iranian oil and other you know the same as Venezuela they did and they continue the same of what they did in Bolivia and they are doing all over the world they did in Brazil and what happened they did in Egypt they did they did in Philippine and you know everywhere else and we need to night and stop all that all over the world thank you well now open up for some more questions until Mary your um you feel that it's enough so the next person is gonna be sure ash favi sure ash mafia is asking what is your opinion on the Kurds and independent nation state of Kurdistan okay my thinking is that Kurds Iran as well as other part of the Middle East we are multicultural multi racial if we make it like that society Iran has Kurds Turks has Arabs has Armenian and person talking about humanity I don't like to talk about division or so-called independence independence of we should be independent of oppression and imperialism but we should unite with our fellow world citizens together and abolish the borders rather than creating more borders I have full respect and love and unity with all other humanity if it is Christian or Muslim or dish my husband was Jewish I was supposedly Muslim he was not really Jewish and what I was not really Muslim but in any case all I am saying that those are the things that are being forced those divisions upon us by imperialism Kurds and Turks and and Persians and all that for centuries they lived together and enjoyed each other's culture it each other's language that is the beauty of the world when we say trees there are million different billions of different type of trees there are billions of or millions different type of ethnicity of human beings and we need to cherish everybody and enjoy I don't agree with separation I agree and I was daydreaming that Iraq and Iran and Syria and Yemen and and Lebanon and Libya and all of those neighborhoods Afghanistan Pakistan India we all got to get together rather than having borders we are to work against borders because what is border border is they are promoting our division while we got to promote our unity and imperialism and oppression and militarism and violence must be stopped I don't see Persians being violent against Kurds or Turks and I don't I don't see Kurds or torx being violent against persons we all are human beings and we love each other when we are not oppressed we ought to work against oppression not borders the creating more borders the next question is how is the American youth going to dodge actually I think I can answer this it's how is the American youth going to dodge the draft if it becomes mandatory do you think violent protests would be useful instead of nonviolent opposition in such cases I can I want to answer this partially and then you can add to it nari I wanted to say that one thing if you don't want to illegally dodge dodge the draft if a draft is to come one alternative you can do is to register yourself as a conscientious objector and register for alternative Selective Service and with alternative service you can essentially if you have them for for being a conscious and conscientious objector beliefs which qualify a registrant for CEO status may be religious in nature but don't have to be beliefs may be moral or ethical however a man's reason for not wanting to participate in a war must not be based on politics expediency or self-interest in general the man's lifestyle prior to making this claim must reflect his current claims so as long as you can find a way that you have some sort of religious or a belief or our ethical belief and prove evidence of before the draft then you can try to do that to be exempt from it and then they will put you in alternative services such as conservation caring for the very young or very old education and health care so anything else you want to say Mary Mary go ahead yeah yep and I really think that we need to work together and genuinely come up with bigger responses to these questions because it's beyond individual trying to save himself or herself this is a political issue and this is a war and peace' issue first of all I don't believe Palestinian resistance in any way or shape can be considered violence or peaceful resistance it's not violence it's a response to violence when somebody attacks you no matter what with all your body you'd if you try to defend yourself you try to defend your family so for me there I am NOT a violent person I want very very much peace but I don't know when they come to to harm me what do i do how do I defend myself so for me defending oneself together by any means is okay and for dodging of going to military we can learn from what happened during Vietnam and do it even more unfortunately our resistance at this time in Vietnam we didn't learn from Vietnam to go further they learn Vietnam how to stop us and that is why the movement that exists now against these OSHA's behavior of our government and violence all over the world is not the same as it was during Vietnam because they learn what to do how to divide us create 9/11 with the help of us Saudi Arabia but they convinced all of us and Congress to give blank check to the government to go to war against so many many countries since 9/11 you can check it out that we have attacked hundreds of countries so how how we stopped draft is a political issue you have to organize you have to have thousands and thousands of people that they don't want because they really don't want to go to our they are being we are being forced economically for bread and butter to go to war for education to go to war for having health care to go to our know these all of these must be stopped and must be stopped by all of us together working together is the most important thing rather than you know that in usual it's very hard to succeed when you see it as a personal thing it is not really personal it is oppression it is allons against peace it is people against corporation against government and we got to stand up by all means so next one is gonna be uh from a narco tanky again I think um I think this was already answered though so I'm gonna skip to the next one do you think China will get involved I feel that they could be helpful they are powerful they could be helpful in our struggle against imperialism violence and militarism and corporate ownership now it is our duty to make sure that this does not become another imperialistic movement and against public interest at this point I look forward to any help from China on Iran on struggles in Afghanistan in Iraq in Middle East anywhere because China is a power that people worked so hard it was communist movement and struggle in 19m 1975 theory Chien several tuitions imperialist editions including Kissinger but I don't have the other people's name they wrote from universities actually they wrote this road that United State is taking then as the road of a new world order and that was that United States become single superpower and because China and Japan they don't have much oil United State would take control of the whole Middle East and control of the oil as the result after destruction of Soviet Union which they did which they worked it out then America would be the only superpower and imperialist with control of oil that would control China and Japan so and they are going forward marching forward toward that that theory they did it they implemented they thought they can do it all in ten years now it is what 45 years they haven't succeeded because of people's resistance but we got to know how what was their plan what was their theory how did they create all of these chaos in the world and distraction against so many places in the world middle is now we know what they did with Qaddafi and Libya what they have been doing last seven eight years in Syria what they did last twenty years in Iraq last 20 years in Afghanistan what they are doing against Iran and what they are doing against Yemen and all of that so they are continuing and they are organized and they know what they want and we got to organize ourselves have our plan what we want what we want is to overthrow imperialism and with the help of any country including China including Russia including Soviet countries some of those working including Cuba including North Korea with the help of all those countries with a with the leadership of Palestinians we got to work out and unite and overthrow imperialism and oppression and militarism violence I think that this next question by comrade galaxy was already answered before the do you support the Iranian government or you do not but support your nation as a whole and do you think a conflict can arise with Iran and the USA at this point I support Iranian people with the government against US imperialism now the issue of Iranian people and Iranian government relates to Iranian people and all Communists and progressive movements around the world to help and to take care of but at this the situation the way it is the priorities is I am against US imperialism militarism wars that are pretending that they want to bring us democracy and all the rest and this is my focus now if after that I would have to struggle against the oppression of internal operation or internal capitalist system of Iran and or religious fanatics yes we will do that but this is not something that I need help from from Giuliani or Bush or Donald Trump or Bolton or any of those so I am strongly against imperialism until we get rid of imperialism globally then we go for the other one for in our internal struggle this is not a nationalist feeling at all this is the technical struggle that we got to understand the priority and the big enemy and the militarism of imperialism that we need to first deal with I want to suggest a book that is called addicted to war why the u.s. cannot kick militarism hell traded by illustration by dr. Joel and reds and redress andreas Joel andreas excellent book it shows you in graphic novel format it shows you the involvement of United States last what hundreds of years against a country Mexican yes Mexican War which in your opinion this is from shiny is which in your opinion was a bigger threat to communism the Islamic Republic or the Shah well imperialism US imperialism was biggest enemy against communism in United States and in the world Shaw as agent of imperialism was much more ah damaging than Islamic Republic Islamic Republic does not the part of Islamic Republic that really was anti-communism came from us it was the gift of United States against Iranian people because first of all they send lot of spies as ministers and head of state with remaini to Iran and Jimena himself even though he was not so trade traitor against Iranian people's interest or at least seemed he isn't he was enough anti-communist that United States did not want at the beginning hoping for his usefulness against Afghanistan which was which was Marxist government at the time it was partying and held two parties that existed in Afghanistan and a United States god help from Iran against Afghanistan's Communist Party also against Soviet Union Iran was instrumental against Iraq which they had Qasim general Qasim which was Marxist or very progressive so I feel that United States imperialism with the help of shahe Iran was much more they executed in rose during shock to the party members head of to the party members by hundreds and hundreds repeatedly until they really felt that Iranian people are bleeding and crying so they stopped the show which will create a newspaper to terrorize Iranian people they stopped showing all those executions so no Shah of Iran was very instrumental with the help of US imperialism against destroying to the party because to the party was very strong when during Mossadeq and before and it was destroyed during Shah and it propped up a little bit during which was in exile a little bit during revolution which of course again was suppressed by anti-communist vengeance of the religious smallest so no I consider Shah of Iran was instrumental with imperialism in destroying to the party when you look at globally you will see that in United States Communist Party was strong and during about the same time that they were destroying Communist Party in Iran they destroyed it in United States we all remember how strong and I was member of Communist Party USA the same when I was much younger I was member of to the party in Iran so if you look at globally you will see that US imperialism was the biggest enemy of the Communists and then in Iran Shah of Iran as agent of imperialism was much bigger these mullahs even even right now when you look at the economic issues in Iran you will see that much more relatively to Dearing Shah during sharp the economy was so imperialistic in Iran to show him trillions of dollars of Iranian oil was sent to you as in California and everywhere and Iran Iranian s– didn't have health care didn't have that much education and all that when you look at right now you will see that if it is education you will see that it is free education and 62% of educated people are women as much as we talk about communism and repression and all that you will see that the representation of women in Congress in Iran or the presentation of other so-called minorities Jewish Kurdish Turks and all that in Congress is big also this is not to say the Iranian government is not represent the say Iranian resistance and also the government the Islamic Republic cannot be not that he doesn't want or whatever as vicious because it doesn't have support of imperialism really cannot and is not as vicious as Shah was we didn't have any social services during Shah and now so many retirements is much better and the health care is much better education free education is much better and division like even during President Ahmadinejad they really brought up Yaran ay Yaran a means to help public which means that every Iranian learned that they are entitled to oil money for me that was very good because it didn't matter how much it was what mattered was that this was Iranian resource and wealth must be divided amongst iranian s– and was so and of oil money at the time went to individual Iranian people all of them everyone when you compare economic lifestyle of Iranian people now with all imperialist oppression and imperialist sanction and everything it's much much much better than during shock so the next question is actually I think a very good one could you please give a bit of background to the coup like a chronology of events from during the war Allied occupation to the nationalization of the oil um okay let's see a colonel article order about the coup but okay 1953 the coup d'etat took place in Iran I was 12 years old and there were mass executions and mass murder at the beginning with the coup and mass executions primarily of to their party and then National Front dismantle national fraud was most – that was massive ex parte people really mass yeah Iranian people then after that it was the oil was flow all used to be primarily British and a Holland Dutch Shell we're getting hundred percent of oil in reality Braun had a contract with a private person Darcy Darcy sold its contract to British or British imperialism guarded then when US came to power they divided at 40 40 40 percent United States 40 percent British and 20 percent Dutch Shell was getting Iranian oil and then level of education was very very low money Iranian dollars were coming to us and military US military coming to Iran and then doing Shah became mad arm of the region and and and going to war against the far and then lots of Iranian dollar came to California to United States and son to California all of those that they had to leave including my family that when we were in Iran we were repressed and suppressed and we were encouraged to migrate to United States so or forced then then help me with the Kelowna well donnelly thing in the chronology of course the Shah had a very oppressive yeah team but then the next thing is popular movement that brightly thing yeah even in the United States not knowing much about Iran I could see I heard man amongst the Iranians Canyon students Olsen these right which led to the revolution in May he said early 1979 which was a popular revolution but was taken over by the the mullahs when the hostage so-called ice hostage crisis took place right then hostage crisis took place and then United States campaign sanction against Iran started and spending a lot of money thrust in Iran and suppressing Iranians and against and creating so many TV and radio stations is Iran and then Israel starting the of course anti-iranian movement continued United States tip 236 million dollar of Iranian money confiscated from the banks that it was Iranian money that was outside Iran or anywhere they confiscated then continued repression and they started war Iran and Iraq they day that lasted for eight years or so that lasted lasted for eight years and killed at least half a million Iranian the million and half a million Iraqis and maimed so many million Iraqis then creation of any K or jaha Deen Mujahideen was a big force used by United States Saudi Arabia and Israel against Iran throughout the history of this revolution last 40 years killings killing heads of state 70 76 in one day mostly Minister and Congress people and all of those they killed and two months later again they killed president and chief justice and Prime Minister and all of that and then again and again continued those killings which was all led by United States and Israel against Iran continuing and then this goes on and on and millions or not a million Iranian educated ones including my family which were so many MDS and PhDs had to go to zile cause we were suppressed and tortured in Iran and we had to move on jcpoa was an important point in the chronology that that happened in 2015 and it took about a decade before that of negotiations before that of negotiations amongst the what was it US Russia China England France Germany and I think the European Union is also a party to that where they concentrated just on the nuclear weapons program and the sanctions and that seemed to be an opening for further negotiation and it's pretty clear that Iran was abiding by the sanctions but the u.s. was not abiding by their abiding by the agreement u.s. was not abiding by the agreement particularly in light of the sanctions that they continued to oppose which was the biggest benefit that Iran had attracted to get out of the jcpoa and even after trump withdrew from the jcpoa Iran has has mostly continued to follow the rules set down in the jcpoa intelligence very recent the most recent exchange and maybe even after a as a nation of Soleimani there are other important points in the chronology well now we need to understand that us is prompting Isis and al-nusra and Irish against Iran we need to understand that u.s. is negotiating with Taliban to bring them to power even though Afghanistan has its president which is grow US but they are negotiating to bring Taliban to power because it can be used against Iran and we need to really look into Zionist movement in Middle East and the killings that they have done with Lebanon with Palestinians with Syrians with Yemen and all of that to know that this war is continuing in the Middle East yeah I think the role of Israel in the anti-iran atmosphere we didn't cover as well you know to the extent it should be that's a very important point right so well the truth is that the creation of State of Israel was for the control of the Middle East as agents as military base of United States and this is the only one that has nuclear bomb nuclear weapons in the Middle East and they talk about Iran that does have nuclear but they don't talk about Israel so this comes from Kaz he wants to know if you know if the remnants of the organization of Iranian people's fed I still exists or if they still carry armed struggle Fedayeen um was created during sure and helped with the revolution and then they split one group became much closer to irani ramen party ordered a party which was halted on majority and then there was another group for the young minority as organization I don't even see to the party which was so strong and big as a viable of organization and moment let alone father Yong no I don't hear from them I was very close and I had personal friends with Radha in there no I have no knowledge of the situation of father in anymore what is it like that from comet galaxy his question is what do you think of the leftists who praise Solomon and other non leftists and potentially anti-communist figures in the name of anti-imperialism do you think these figures are getting too much attention first of all I feel that Soleimani was a unique special figure hmm nationally for all Iranians communist or anti-communist because first of all he was not really corrupt he was very humble and he was very brave working as the head of military he was very Pro people so he was not so political he was defending Iranian people me myself I always as a communist I always liked him because I didn't see him representing government he was representing Iranian wholeness that would not be attacked or against imperialism and imperious power from the point of view of somebody that's never been to Iran don't remember hearing of Soleimani before last week but I have since then I've seen him both information we've gotten from Iran and the American prep scene the American press demonizing him as the essence of evil etc but it seems to be that what he's been doing looked at from the point of view of Iranian interests is not much different from what people like General Patton General MacArthur did looked at from the review of American interest so I think it's really hard to to believe the image of him as essence of evil that the arc of Rask paints him to be the next question is from union of Earth's Soviet republics his question is I heard from an Iranian that the Communist Party with its allied Revolutionary trade unions were very close to actual ml socialist revolution in the 1979 and Iran but failed do you know anything about this why did it fail if this is accurate okay – the party was there free weekend during Shaw and was in exile primarily and no activity was going on in here yes during at the start of the revolution – the Party became very fast very strong but not and rightly so at that point and that time they supported the revolution and they even supported home a knee I remember up to the party at that point four years ago but this unfortunately didn't last long no to the party never could become as strong unite being able to unite with the workers and carry out revolution because – that but and it will – the party was suppressed by the government present government and I think really United States the reason that there were several leaders that they were leading the movement or were are coming to power but they stopped all of that and they sorta trainee was his anti-communist characteristic and that pressed part eventually and the workers think that he was leader of Shia also and Iranians where she there was no power that could stand against him and he wasn't acting in a way that people would want to him to stand against him and and that resulted in him being able with the help of United States indirectly to suppress party and even National Front left left all and all of that and right now that I am talking something very very thing came to my mind that I am going to explain it and that shows the situation in Iran with religion and with resistance or National Movement there was a mass attack there was a leader that was religious leader called that was promised addict and United States very much tried and succeeded bribed him big and succeeded in in getting him to be against dr. Masada and Prussia and this resulted and also a McKay issue resulted in Iranian struggle and Iranian movement breaking apart and bleeding I am going to explain also what I mean by Mak Mujahideen were religious and we're leftist and very very popular and knighted estate had to do something about the issue of religion and being leftist so they really really created and I mean you created a situation that alienated Mujahideen which they had a problem breaking in two parts and Iran every child young child twelve years old to 18 years old every family had one number of my GED and Iranian government killed so many of these youth because of the so-called characteristic of Mujahideen being Marxist Islamist so the Marxist part of it was the one that how many as the result killed so many many Iranians and so many families were bleeding with with sorrow with what many was doing against Mujahideen and it was the same thing about the issue of up to the party and United Front to the party was in the side of Hawaii for some time and the the same Khomeini and Islamic group they kind of destroyed them while they grew so fast so truthfully yes there are internal divisions and traitors in a country but always imperialists and anti communist movements uses that to destroy them and that's they did a parody they the left-wing Abbott they destroyed or Marxist part of it and they made the other part right-wing you right now m EK occult and they did the same with with to the party that they couldn't make him right-wing but they did and that was mostly using aunty comedy's part of Islamic Republic that was used by imperialism as much as Khomeini was anti imperialist an Iranian Revolution was an temporarily it was changed to become also anti colonies what was happening in Iran from the Second World War to mostly most days election the Second World War okay I go a little bit back and I'll tell you that how after God your dynasty which was the kingdom before pala dynasty engineer made a contract an Australian jure made a contract with Iranian government a jerk for oil to discover oil in Iran and it took him ten years and that was in at the end of 19th century yeah about the end of 19th century they discovered oil in Iran long before Saudi Arabia or any so Iran was the only oil producer in the Middle East for about 20-30 years and what Iranian oil was used during World War one a before World War when Iran was so called on the paper hidden from Iranian people even Iranian government was divided between Russia and British and left the support south or Tibet with British and most part of Russia and at the middle supposedly free Iran so they divided in three parts in paper on paper and soon as the revolution happened in in Soviet in Russia the contract or the agreement was presented to Iran and it was null and void by the October Revolution and Russian Revolution so that made it clear that but British didn't give up and brought up prompt Reza Shah to come to power Reza Shah was a military personnel during first world war First World War and then nineteen after world war he came to power with the help of British the Iranian contract with that individual was for sixty years now about forty years of it was passed and that is nineteen it was discovered eighteen nine and now it was 1920 after first world war that they brought the shot ha well Reza Shah and they strengthened him and they asked him to renew the contract and that was their intention when they brought him power because now the contract was 60 year contract 40 42 years of it was passed something like that and it had only 20 18 years left so they asked him and British imperialism pressured and they knew the contract for other tiers so rather than now 20 years was half Reza Shah renew their for another 60 years this organized a struggle by Iranian people with the help of dr. Masada to a movement after ordering Second World War let me think good during second but Iran was neutral supposedly a name of Iran was known as Persia and Reza Shah as much as it was brought to power by British he became on the side of Germany even though Iran announced that we are neutral so then now the oil contract was renewed and Persia was Iran and on this not directly but indirectly on the side of Germany during Second World War and so British and United States and Russia which now during Stalin they took over Iran because of Reza Shah stand they took him to exile and they put his son in power Mohammad Shah they put him in our because now he his politic was on the side of Germany so they sent to a time now Iran was facing with the new contract with British another sixty years and was arrested Reza Shah which was only 20-some years old and it was the end of the Second World War and so Iran oil was used for also second world war which in First World War and Second World War there are documents that it says world war was won by British and US and all with on Iranian oil that is on history that's it to the party or Communist Party of Iran also was strong another part of Iran they became we drop off to the party or before that be the helper inspire even became so all independent common is close to Soviet Union they they they announce that we want our independent British attacked and brought because of the oil of course and because of the pub bridge and yoonah to the state they work together and they suppress the movement on north of Iran which communists and for some time Communist Party of Iran was illegal and so many were killed 52 of they killed an imprisoned coming story then to the party was born later from the Communist Party ah and that was 1945 46 after Second World War to the party became strong and also National Front little by little Massa dick was released with our Shah was put in exile mustard in prison he was released and he became Congress first he became governor of state of farce then he came and and he start movement against British because so many things happened including one thing that happened in Shiraz my hometown a British car which had a dog inside it and the we was down and an old man throws a rock at the dog and British embassy British councillor in state of shear it of course or in shiraz they killed that odor they beat him to death and master dick was crying as governor saying that how how shame on me that I am governor state and British agent or British councillor can kill an old man that is in the street because he threw a rock at the dock so this created some uprising and so many other movement continued and mastered it became they the minister and know it before that it became God for this it became finance minister then then it was Congress or senator a congress person and then passed the Nationals they asked for British to open up the books and they didn't and they nationalized oil and when they nationalized oil then United States came in supporting British they of course overthrew two of the ships oil ship oil tankers that Iran was selling it to to Italy they overthrew it the ocean and they also British military surrounded Iran that that Iran with their military alert which ships warships and all that around Iran and then United States came in they want to Truman Kerry coup d'etat against Iran but Truman was busy and was leaving the office and throw the bomb on Japan and of that and they left it to Eisenhower right after his eisenhower carried the first good talk the first efficient put the table before that they did with Hawaii and all of that but 1953 suppose it was the first CIA coup d'etat against Iran which then on they learned and if they had a coup d'etat against our countries when they carried coup d'etat against Rob and then to the party was very very strong and not known front very strong and yeah and then from there I have told this story now I would like to close up with a statement and I want to thank Nuri for participating in this and taking the time out of her schedule to do this with us yes thank you very much so I just want to say that a lot of what you heard here isn't pretty and reality can often be that way but I hope that this glimpse into the reality of living in the countries we destroy helps you understand the weight of the word war and coup that it's plenitude I'm sure we've all to some degree at least grown numb to it I want to take this chance now to ask for those of you who are American those of you who are hearing this and want to put a stop to this to please join a party it doesn't have to be our party and it doesn't even have to be a party it can be a peace movement or something if you don't earned a left-winger or whatever but um and I know everyone has an opinion on reasons to or to not join this or that party but time is an art and the longer we delay the worse the situation around the world yes it's easy to criticize a party for its lacking it's harder to get in there and do something about it and we have to be the change that we want to see and that means organizing if any of you are interested in our party specifically we are an m/l party that split from the CPUSA due to their being revisionist please message me on discord or visit our party website at party of communist usa.org that's PA RT y OU f Co mm UN ist s usa.org to learn more thank you and pass it back to fimble now big thanks to our speakers and thanks everybody for for coming and listening and participating the struggle continues

PHD | Thử Thách 1 Chấp 2 | Challenges



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Topic Choice for Masters Level Dissertations



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How to choose a Master’s Level Research Topic. Ways of generating ideas, methods to focus general ideas down to specific research areas.

hello in today's short video here I want to look at topic choice for masters level dissertations now I want to be clear here I'm not going to look at so writing the title I'm looking at selecting the topic for research title writing will be the subject of a different video but basically I want to go through this in three steps first of all how can we generate ideas secondly how can we focus those ideas to a master's level type research and third what are we going to do moving forward now master's level for your dissertation this is probably the second time you're going to be setting your own assignments the first time being your bachelors project you're going to be writing your own question that you're going to research but are you in some institutions they provide the academics provide a list of projects that they want researched so go and find out if there is such a list torture tutors you know what is their area of interest however wouldn't it look better for you as a motivated student to actually approach academics and say I would like to research this topic please so how'd you get an idea well first first of all I think that your Master's dissertation should be your primary weapon in getting a job so think about what job on what career you want to do if you want to work in telecommunications write your dissertation about telecommunications if you want to write work in automotive or construction or oil industry there's your topics and but particularly you might want to work in project management in telecommunications or you might want to work in human resources in the automotive industry so think about what you want to do as a career and then you can take your completed dissertation along to interview saying look this is what I've done on this topic think about the companies that you want to work for if your ambition is to work for a Ford or Shanghai automotive or a particular oil company then do some study into them and their competitors and then that's going to give you an advantage at the interview stage so generate the ideas from trying to get a job the next thing is you're studying a particular course it could be manufacturing or quality or management or project management sometimes the requirements of the course are that your dissertation is on the same subject not always the case I supervised for two different institutions one is absolutely clear your dissertation will be a fail if it does not cover the same topic as your course choice the other one is far more relaxed as long as you've done a master's level dissertation then what course you're doing isn't so important so relate your course have a look at your course modules and try and find the different ideas and case studies that are being presented to you in the lectures and the seminars and this might give you an idea of something that you're interested in and when you've got that sort of topic maybe a case study or an example start to ask questions about well who's involved in this who's been affected by this and am i interested in looking at an alternative who is affected what what are the issues with this is it new technology is it IT is it leadership and can I take that issue and look at to some other situation and look at the same issue when was this case study it's five or ten years old has the problem being solved you might want to redress and have another look at that company you might want to take the issues in that older case study and see if they apply in a different company in today's environment where is this case study is it in a particular country Nigeria India China UK or is it in a European or an American setting or is it worldwide you might want to take the idea there and say well actually I want to look at this study which was looking at IT problems in a Chinese a situation and you wants to say well I want to look at that in a Nigerian situation for instance now think also about your personal strengths and weaknesses um it could be that you are an expert at computers you love using words and Excel you're fascinated by statistics so it could well be that you're going to use those strengths to do quantitative analysis for your research project and in that case you might want to start thinking about well what area might I be able to collect the required data it could be that you love meeting people and you might decide that interviews are going to be your research methodology so you know how are you going to get access to people to interview for the research topic that you've chosen so think about this whole picture about what research methods you might use when you're thinking about the topic more about research methods different video think about where you work or where you have worked it could be you could approach a previous employer because you want to go back and work there perhaps and say well is there an area of research that you would like me to undertake it could be for a part-time students your fees are being actually funded by your company now they will have a clear interest in getting something back asking you to research in a particular area okay so show me we've generated some ideas for research how do we focus in and get this more at a master's level well mind mapping and concept mapping are two ways of creating pictures they're pictorial views to help you expand your ideas for instance if we're doing some sort of construction management degree master's level and we want to work in the construction industry what we can do a mind map that starts with construction in the middle and we could then start to expand well that's about buildings and building for about residential or commercial or utilities of flats homes tower blocks but construction is also about transportation well that's about road and rail and light rail and high-speed rail there's different materials in construction woods bricks steel in different formats sheets and girders different equipment used in construction different machinery different types of diggers and cranes different resources different scaffolding techniques different methods different resourcing in construction projects and is everybody working in house are we going to look at contracts how a contracts management's what's type of contracts so very soon from an idea of I want a topic on construction we can expand this into a myriad of different ideas that might then say well actually yes this this starts to come in I want my research beyond the use of different contracting methods in constructing large-scale transportation projects now what we can also do is we can start to narrow and funnel down our ideas and so for instance construction is a huge topic we could narrow that down to residential housing and we might end up with absolutely being very specific I want to look at the environmental impacts on rural detached houses costing more than a million pounds now this isn't our project title but this is narrowing down a construction type situation into something far more specific which will be required at masters level now of course some we don't want this to be too big construction management and investigation into construction management is just too broad but equally something that's too narrow or where you're unable to collect the data is going to be an impossible research topic so do consider something that some in in the middle finally as we're focusing the ideas consider the ethics and the ethical aspects of your research there's going to be a an allowance for privacy for anybody you interview and confidentiality and make sure you don't choose something that he's going to be biased you know if you if your title ends up being a look at the problems involved in or or an investigation into the failure of this is this is not going to be a good start for your research because it's biased and you've got to be careful if you're going to select a topic area that could cause you a thick 'el problems so finally what you do next we've generated some ideas we've tried to focus them with concept maps or mind maps we've tried to narrow it down into something specific what do we do now well talk to your lecturers talk to supervisors talk to your friends family have a look take that idea and banks it around people see what they think and actually start looking for some literature on the topic because this is the start of your literature review which is going to be required for your investigations when you start looking at the journal articles and the books and the publications regarding your research topic it's going to help you generate an idea so that's an idea about how to generate research topics for your masters dissertation separate video it's going to look at how you actually write the title thank you for watching

Georgia Southern Professors Read Rate My Professor Pt. 1



Views:10406|Rating:4.53|View Time:5:45Minutes|Likes:39|Dislikes:4
A few professors at Georgia Southern University read some interesting comments on Rate My Professor.

reading through these reviews one would have to assume the gonna rip most of them himself he requested hourglass give him a chili pepper for hotness rating the class was very easy that is true if you even have class I would take it again he usually looks hungover and loves to refer to cool very touchy guy glad to know he's married that is not ease that is the reason why professors don't like weight that prevents the first up worst teacher ever do not take him you don't want to stress and I'll say that the you it's not spill why are you but you and I don't know reading that makes me kind of stressed to think about it but this class was harder than it should have been and you watched sixty Memphis then about seven minutes to take five question quiz but then you have to write a one-page essay gives you advice on your essay but you basically have to read his mind in order to make an A I can't say that I learned anything from this class that is I would say that last part I can't say that I learned anything from this class is probably about the worst thing that could be written about any professors course so it says by far the best teacher I've ever had throughout my college career hilarious it's so fun to listen to I haven't for a day mus history which I was dreading him being my favorite class I've ever taken a GSU so much extra credit like when the NFL wins this professor is so cool I mean he is tough on attendance and preaches don't cheat or you'll fail but everyone I know made a name about cheating you don't have to but this heat is so cold after taking this class I wanted to make speeches all over campus I don't think everybody won't see over that is to make speeches all over campus dr. Novotny clearly loves his job job and the subject his PowerPoint slides are are a little weird but the test questions mainly come from what he says random random info is on the tests but no pop quizzes write down everything he lets you record him so I would make sure you don't miss anything he says I hope to come out with a beating these are anonymous but I guess wish them luck and hope this thing got the grant they were looking for best professor I have ever had in GSE his best comes straight from the notes memorized the key terms and you'll make a name he lectures his lectures are actually interesting to listen to and he grades fairly easily on the reading responses I will take him over any other history professor worth giving an override into this class this is obviously a very bright responder here it's flattering for someone to say that I'm the best professor they've ever had at at GSU lots of other professors have the same thing written about him mind you this one says easy class you aren't intimidated by good-looking people there is no other word that suits this guy better than awesome he's the coolest guy who ever made I'm making this review just and give him a hot tamale because that's his goal in life three to four speeches all very easy he kicks back while you speak not me uptight stare me down the time he won't he won't grades you to get a name Kappa sing alone best professor ever Thanks whoever you are thank you for that do not and i'll say where emphasis not is spelled in all capitals do not take this professor these rambles in class and you don't know what you need to know for the test and what you do not if you try to ask questions in class he'll make you feel stupid this class was the worst class I've ever taken okay Feldman was the most difficult grader I've ever come across the course requires lots of attention in papers I followed this direction specifically and he would still find something wrong he is not good at explaining what he wants out of you in advance and penalize you for not reading his mind disliked the class that that stings a little bit she says best FYE teacher out there had him for an NFL fantasy and reality it was an awesome future papers to be graded them pretty easily and definitely take them again really for a quote unquote real class the chili pepper thing I'm certainly not wasting my time writing my own reviews on rate my professor there would be many many many more Chili Peppers if I was doing it because I would have hot myself over and over and over

A Day In The Life Of An Engineering Student | McMaster University



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The average day in the life of an engineering student at McMaster University.

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hi guys how you doing you ready no it is back with another video so today I'm doing the day in the life of an engineer but today's Sunday because I'm gonna show you the weekends and the weekdays so come along all right guys welcome back to another video in the day in the life of an engineer today is Sunday it's mitchum weeks coming up so I'm not showing you just I never shaved Sunday and Monday together the school day in a weekend and where is he big man Porsche how do you feel bad I gotta give my boy respect on that ball big monsters University what you saying how do you feel how do you feel manly dudes looking sweet broads hold on oh that big Mon Tues himself you're like bro easy dumper the boys my hair's looking the cool wat easy dawg come here boy no no it's my vlog hello everyone you'll be racing this is sitting they create only cage – this is the case right here I'll go by youtuber intro right yo what's going on guys it's your boy Nick Walker back with another great video it's okay all has to make the vlog and it's my idea for this vlog so like boy anyway our one Supporter is our one Supporter thank you for coming out every game they ever coming out the leader of date gotta gotta grab it I'll just how big do you think my hands are so okay damn it's a leader they found Bob your leader grab your leader the camera with me so I will see you after the project one studying I guess also this alright so that's it for Sunday that's it a typical Sunday look at the timestamp because I don't know what time it is usually I do work we have our game yeah it's an early night it is 124 usually we're week to like what two or three and we have like eight thirty nine thirty five seven oh well yeah that's our weekends also record tomorrow see see what I can actually is like for all you potential engineering students yeah see you guys in the morning say good night everyone see it okay so it's time for lunch number two rice and chicken after this I'll do assignments study for midterms which are coming up here's actually a video of my lecture hall cuz it's how it looks for math I don't have math today so I can show you so yeah we're gonna sign this right into that stuff and have another class so who is it who's this big boy you know introduce yourself what's your name what's your number what's your credit card number everything so we want this to lucas's you taking that you're letting him take Luke one he's a physical art what are you he's joking he's joking he's joking here's the room to give us a MTV Cribs room for right now here's a room tour this is my dad I got my monitor set up I'm gonna record you know we're an engineering right so like my bed my shirt my record player garbage garbage well what's in there bud what's in there bud all right your side no closet engineering engineering engineering whole picture oh yeah what is this you know who is that who's this wonderful woods this explain this artwork to be all right I'm really good at physics painting so what is that actually a master baiter it's a floating block for sewing I'm actually a master baker do you know I was just starting to see master baker what is this weird I'm really gonna bake I'm really good scuse no weird I'm gonna oh that is the real beauty oh that's true wholesome University engineering drew – tres what my role methyl I think this is nice little help huh Brooke you know brick misguided love is leaving filthy stuff in our room bro what is this cleaner room bro look at your side look here bed what is that look huh just a studying time to sleep thank you guys for watching please like comment and subscribe and I will see you guys in this video you

Meet the World's Top 10 Universities 2019



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Where are the world’s top universities? Find out with the brand new QS World University Rankings 2019! See the full results now: #QSWUR

To get a preview of the world’s top universities, and learn more about each institution, watch our video! To find out where your university ranks, take a look at the QS World University Rankings 2019 in full:

Institutions are ranked according to six different criteria: academic reputation, employer reputation, faculty to student ratio, citations per faculty, ratio of international faculty members and ratio of international students.

Discover the top universities around the world, with QS’s dedicated rankings of the world’s finest higher education institutions. Each QS university ranking has been developed with regional priorities and challenges in mind, aiming to facilitate meaningful comparison and highlight excellence in higher education across the globe.

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Contractual Lecturers (10+2) from Kashmir Division Gathered in Srinagar to Raise Their Voice



Views:340|Rating:4.64|View Time:2:26Minutes|Likes:13|Dislikes:1
Video from Murtaza Rizvi

10+2 contractual lecturers from kashmir division gathered at press colony srinagar to raise voice against the long pending grievance demand for secularization of their service as per the government policies

5th International Conference on Information Security & Digital Forensics -ISDF



Views:38|Rating:nan|View Time:3:5Minutes|Likes:0|Dislikes:0
The 5th lnternational Conference on Information Security and Digital Forensics (ISDF) was successfully completed! Metropolitan College in Thessaloniki hosted a 3 day event with presentations and state-of-the-art lectures delivered by keynote speakers, researchers and experienced representatives from the international community. ISDF was organized by The Faculty of Computing of Metropolitan College in Thessaloniki aiming to highlight challenging aspects of interest, emerging trends and industry needs associated with Information Security, Digital Forensics and Information Technology issues.
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PHD | Ai Là Đàn Bà Ai Là Đàn Ông | Water Bottle Flip



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Teachers As Students | Getting Your Master's Degree as a Teacher



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Check Out What Other Teachers Have Said!

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Choosing Your Dissertation Topic!



Views:14103|Rating:4.84|View Time:6:13Minutes|Likes:119|Dislikes:4
Coming up with a topic for your dissertation can be fun, but it can also be incredibly overwhelming! Here are a few pointers, which might help make the process that little bit easier!

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Rutgers Professors Read 'Rate My Professors' Reviews Part 2



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Back by popular demand! Brave Rutgers faculty members read comments on RateMyProfessors.com. Watch our video to find out why one of them tells students to stand in a corner when they’re cold.

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Study Abroad with the University of Exeter



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the University of Exeter is a top-ten Russell group institution with an excellent reputation for research teaching and student experience we have three stunning campuses Stratham and st. Luke's in Exeter and our Penryn campus in cornwall by choosing to study abroad at Exeter you'll have a fantastic opportunity to mix with a diverse group of students from over 130 countries we offer a broad and varied range of subjects here at the University of Exeter which will allow you to study subjects with us such as Business and Finance Sciences geography engineering mathematics Social Sciences and the humanities we recommend that students come for a full year of study to benefit from the study abroad experience at Exeter and to fully immerse yourself in life and culture of the UK a single semester of study is also available we love Exeter and our students do too when I was applying to different schools they said go to University of Exeter is amazing the city life is fantastic the school is amazing the teachers are so helpful and one of my friends went to the Penryn campus and he said it was the best experience he'd ever had at the University so when I applied and got in my new it was the place I wanted to be transition process is really easy Exeter is very similar to the United States and the way that people interact with each other so I had no problem transitioning there's so many things you can do here that you didn't actually think you could do Quidditch societies one of them I mean the doctor who decide is one of them the chocolate Society is one of them it's just a lot of things that you know back home maybe you can't do it and here it's encouraged you know there's so many things that you can do here Exeter's been a really wonderful city to live in to study from a year abroad there's lots of fun things to do at night and great restaurants to go out to for dinner and it's been really easy to make friends it's not too big of a city the gym facilities here just ridiculously good I mean I came here and I thought it was not even just a university maybe a sports team or something that's the gym facilities worth everything is definitely is just so easy to do I think the best things about studying on this campus is the international feel there are so many international students here one night I was sitting around the dinner table and we had someone from Mexico someone from us someone Sweden someone from the Netherlands and someone from Poland I would recommend the year abroad because it is one of the best experiences I've ever had in my life I absolutely adore it I've taken the opportunity to travel as much as possible I traveled through the Easter break and I'm traveling this summer as well as done some weekends away but really getting to know the people here and experiencing the culture of England although it is very similar to Canada and where I grew up it's a whole new world it's a whole new group of people and getting to experience it a home away from home and making it that home away from home has been the best experience of my life this study abroad experience has been absolutely incredible it's allowed me to broaden my horizons and get a world view that I wouldn't necessarily get back in the States Exeter has been extremely beneficial for me and my personal life as well as for my future the one piece of advice I give to someone who's coming to X that I'm studying Aid is make sure you want to go back home because you're gonna love it so much that you don't really want it going to want to leave and that's what the predicament that I'm in at the moment you

A Day in the Life: Tsukuba University Student



Views:9961|Rating:4.65|View Time:9:21Minutes|Likes:171|Dislikes:13
Klaire Hoang Nae and Joeseph Naron are both students at the University of Tsukuba, one of the oldest and most renowned national research universities in Japan. Want to see what colleges you could get into today? Try our Crimson’s FREE admission’s calculator here!

Klaire and Joe study social innovation and international relations under the “G30 Initiative” to attract international students to study in Japan. The Initiative puts an emphasis on global perspectives, encouraging students from a wide variety of backgrounds to use their studies to look beyond their campus and their home country to impact the world. Follow a day in these students’ lives to learn about what it’s like to study at the elite University of Tsukuba!

(gentle guitar music) – Hello everyone my name is Klaire. – Hi, I'm Joseph Naron. – And I'm currently
flowing the G-30 Program in University of Tsukuba right here. – My major is International Social Studies with a specificity in
International Relations. – And I'm really happy
that you guys can follow me in this journey, that this is covering. (gentle orchestral strings music) – Hello everyone. Tsukuba University is the predecessor of Kyoto University and Tokyo University. Our founding president is Jigoro Kano, which is the father of judo of Japan. And in the Meiji period, he's one of the most progressive professor that's has invite a lot
of international students to this Tsukuba University, and has played a vital role in making Tsukuba, and Tsukuba
Science City afterwards. – So the University of Tsukuba is about three and a half square miles. It's a very long and narrow campus. You could probably run
across the narrow end in about one minute. It's very Japanese in the fact that everything's sort of stacked
on top of each other. It's not like a very, it's not like a typical American campus, which is very low. We usually go through bikes 'cause it takes a while to get
in between classes on foot, because it's so stretched out. Especially, which from our dormitories. – As you know, our founding president is the father of Judo, so our University takes
pride in all sports and athlete programs. As you can see here,
we have all the teams, in baseball, volleyball, and football. And, we've totally have sixty-one
Olympic medalists so far. We have been preparing really hard for the Tokyo Olympics in 2020, and I hope you can join us. – Also we have an Under Armour store, in case you were curious. (very gentle orchestral music) So, if you're an athlete, I highly encourage you to come to Tsukuba. One of my classmates, who
is also in the G-30 program is actually, currently ranked number
nine in Women's Karate, in the whole world! (soft orchestral music) In addition to our sports program, we also have a very expansive and well received Arts Program. Everything from drawing to sculpting, to traditional Japanese painting. Ok, so this statue here
goes by a lot of names. The one I heard the most frequently is Tluki, he's sort of, just always has something on him. Usually it's sunglasses, sometimes it's a scarf, whenever something gets taken, or it falls off, I've never seen it go more than a week without somebody, putting
something else on him. Also, in his hands is an owl, which is the, both the
town and the school's unofficial mascot. If you go around the city you'll see tiny cartoon owls, and owl statues everywhere. (soft orchestral music) My opinion one of the most beautiful spots in late April, early May, these entire sloth of trees will be completely pink and white, with the petals of Cherry blossoms. In the winter, the entire lake will be frozen, but it will still be so thin that you can still fish and
frogs swimming underneath. One of the more serene spots. You can catch people here all the time, fishing, canoeing, reading, generally enjoying the
serenity of the place. (upbeat music) – So the G-30 is an initiative, from the Japanese government to attract, 300,000
international students by 2020. So, G-30 puts a lot of emphasis
on the global perspective. Prepare students to
have a lot of experience to see outside their campus. – There's a very large amount of international students, who I've met. People from countries I honestly, couldn't point to on a map.(chuckling) And for someone who wanted to study Linguistics and International Relations that was, paramount to what I
wanted from a university. – And, also we have
had a lot of professors which won a lot of, which have you know, experience in the global conference and global built, all come here and teach here. Are departments actually consist of four majors, which is Law, Political Science, Economics and Sociology. We will pick one out of all this four, but for now we'll study
everything equally, the same. – As a G-30 student, I have the option of taking
all of my courses in English. Now, this does require
complete fluency in English, with the very high IELTS,
or TOEIC, or TOEFL score. However, it does allow
for good interaction between students from all walks of life. From either short term,
or here to graduate. You also have the option of taking Japanese
lectures, if you want too. But, you must take a
certain proficiency test to prove that you'd be able
to handle the course load, and understand the content. I think it's also a good opportunity for those who really want to experience and learn Japanese, and Japanese culture. Everyone is required to take one year of Japanese. It's very intensive, it's
very all encompassing, it really helps you connect with a lot of the other
students here, who, themselves want to reach out
and see the rest of the world and you know, sometimes foreign students can be their first real step into that. – Also, for the same reasons, I think, our campus is the second
biggest campus around Japan. So every time, when you come to the campus and you come to school, it feels like you're discovering a forest, and it's really entertaining every day. If you're going to go
to Tsukuba University definitely check out our bakery. Because, this is, we have
all the fresh baked in day bakery over here, and you can take it out, or eat right in the restaurant. Apart from this bakery, you
have a lot of other options. So a restaurant is Halal restaurant and it's for Muslim students, international students
here in Tsukuba University. This is one of the most famous restaurants for us international students, because we always have to line up every time we come, and the food is really cheap. You can never find any price like this, around Toyko area. And, they offer plenty of food options. – Okay, the one really important thing that you need to know about,
before coming to Japan is vending machine culture. Vending machines are everywhere, they can give you everything. Cup Ramen, pastries,
hot drinks, cold drinks, anything in between, if there is a building, there
is a vending machine in it. (slow Japanese soft rock music) So we're here at Omochi Club, which is, a sort of international
mixing and mingling club. Right now, were just setting up. Later, we will spend the first we'll be spending a couple
hours in mixed groups speaking in English, French, Chinese, any given number of foreign languages. Then we'll spend the second half speaking in Japanese. It's a great and popular
way among foreign students to get to know others,
and meet new people, and expand their language abilities. One key piece of advice
I can offer you is….. bone up on Japanese culture before you come here. There's a lot of small subtleties and cultural norms, that
you need to be aware of before you come to Japan. Otherwise, your transition here might be a little rougher. Another piece of advice I can give is be patient, and try to understand other cultures. Because, you're going to, because you will be
living in another culture. And as such, you need to be aware that someone's life experience is not going to be the same as yours. – For us, Tsukuba's located in the like really perfect location, to where it's not really far from Tokyo, but we still have really low fee and like, living expense in comparison with other cities around Japan. So we have this the Science City, and close to Tokyo, but
it's not that expensive so we save up a lot of money, and we still enjoy our
lives at our fullest. (upbeat soft Japanese rock music)

Harvard University Campus Tour



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Harvard is the first university in US and the best university in the world. Harvard is in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The campus of the university is elegant and full of history. You can see the main campus, the law school, business school and stadium in this video.

Music 1 :
“Heartwarming” Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License

Music 2:
“Porch Swing Days – slower” Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License